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The present study assessed changes in epigenetic markers and pre- and postimplantation development in somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) porcine embryos after treatment with the inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDACi), Trichostatin A (TSA). Embryos were generated using in vitro matured oocytes and nuclei from either a male fetal fibroblast (FF) cell(More)
Recent studies have shown that factors from adipose tissue influence and regulate the reproductive system. Hormones such as leptin and resistin are now known to regulate several reproductive processes. Adiponectin is the most abundant protein secreted by adipose tissue, and its circulating concentration is inversely related to adiposity and body mass index.(More)
Effective protocols for oocyte activation are crucial for study of parthenogenetic development and to produce nuclear transfer reconstructed embryos. This study investigated the use of ionomycin (ION) and strontium chloride (Sr(2+)) in the activation of parthenogenetic and nuclear transfer porcine oocytes. In-vitro-matured oocytes with a polar body were(More)
Murine macrophage activation is deficient in the fetus and the neonate, and in areas of the placenta perfused by the fetal circulation. Fetal and neonatal serum concentrations of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are 150 microM, or approximately 50-fold higher than in the adult. We previously showed that DHA inhibits activation of the gene for inducible nitric(More)
In this paper, we propose a new strategy for graph drawing utilizing layouts of many sub-graphs supplied by a large group of people in a crowd sourcing manner. We developed an algorithm based on Laplacian constrained distance embedding to merge subgraphs submitted by different users, while attempting to maintain the topological information of the individual(More)
Phosphorylated histone H2A.x (H2AX139ph) is a key factor for the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and the presence of H2AX139ph foci indicates the sites of DSBs. In this study, we characterized the presence of H2AX139ph during in vitro development of porcine embryos produced by IVF and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Pronuclear stage embryos(More)
This study investigated the effect of porcine follicular fluid (PFF) and dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (dbcAMP) during in vitro maturation (IVM) of porcine oocytes on meiotic maturation, fertilization and embryo development, and compared the effect of supplementing the embryo culture media with PFF or foetal bovine serum (FBS) on embryo(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the parthenogenetic activation of porcine oocytes matured in vitro for a varied period after combined electric pulse (EP; 1500 V/cm, 100 microsec) and Butyrolactone I (BL I). After 36 h of maturation culture, the rates of activated oocytes and oocytes with two pronuclei were significantly lower than those of oocytes(More)
This paper presents a novel visual analysis tool, EnsembleGraph, which aims at helping scientists understand spatiotemporal similarities across runs in time-varying ensemble simulation data. We abstract the input data into a graph, where each node represents a region with similar behaviors across runs and nodes in adjacent time frames are linked if their(More)
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