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In plants and fungi, small RNAs silence gene expression in the nucleus by establishing repressive chromatin states. The role of endogenous small RNAs in metazoan nuclei is largely unknown. Here we show that endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs) direct Histone H3 Lysine 9 methylation (H3K9me) in Caenorhabditis elegans. In addition, we report the(More)
Here we describe and characterize a small serine/threonine kinase (SSTK) which consists solely of the N- and C-lobes of a protein kinase catalytic domain. SSTK protein is highly conserved among mammals, and no close homologues were found in the genomes of nonmammalian organisms. SSTK specifically interacts with HSP90-1beta, HSC70, and HSP70 proteins, and(More)
Venom has only been recently discovered to be a basal trait of the Anguimorpha lizards. Consequently, very little is known about the timings of toxin recruitment events, venom protein molecular evolution, or even the relative physical diversifications of the venom system itself. A multidisciplinary approach was used to examine the evolution across the full(More)
The origin and evolution of venom proteins in helodermatid lizards were investigated by multidisciplinary techniques. Our analyses elucidated novel toxin types resultant from three unique domain-expression processes: 1) The first full-length sequences of lethal toxin isoforms (helofensins) revealed this toxin type to be constructed by an ancestral(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase catalyzes phosphorylation of tyrosines in its C terminus and in other cellular targets upon epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation. Here, by using peptides derived from EGFR autophosphorylation sites and cellular substrates, we tested the hypothesis that ligand may function to regulate EGFR kinase(More)
Elective cosmetic surgeries are increasing in the American population with reasons linked to body image disturbance and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Little research exists documenting the continuum of body image disturbance and its relationship to seeking surgery. The present research examined data from 544 participants, 55 of whom were diagnosable with(More)
Treatment rates with intravenously administered tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) in acute ischemic stroke (IS) remain low in Asian populations. Various logistic obstacles and higher anticipated bleeding risk in Asians are major concerns. We report on the feasibility and safety of IV-tPA therapy at our tertiary care center. Consecutive acute IS patients(More)
Dropout of treatment is one of the key issues in outcome in a child and adolescent mental health service. We report two studies focusing on the treatment process and the dropout rate of children with persistent conduct problems presenting to a community mental health service, using a prospective design. The first study included 32 children and used a(More)
Spermiogenesis is characterized by a profound morphological differentiation of the haploid spermatid into spermatozoa. The testis-specific serine/threonine kinases (TSSKs) comprise a family of post-meiotic kinases expressed in spermatids, are critical to spermiogenesis, and are required for male fertility in mammals. To explore the role of heat shock(More)
The aim of this study was to describe factors affecting the sleep of parents of critically ill children and to determine strategies used to improve their sleep. One hundred and eighteen parents of 91 children recruited during their child's paediatric intensive care unit stay responded in writing to open-ended questions assessing their experiences with sleep(More)