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OBJECTIVE To review the clinical aspects of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and provide guidelines to assist clinicians in the prevention and management of PPH. These guidelines are an update from the previous Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) clinical practice guideline on PPH, published in April 2000. EVIDENCE Medline, PubMed, the(More)
BACKGROUND Postpartum hemorrhage, a major cause of maternal death and severe maternal morbidity, increased in frequency in Canada between 1991 and 2004. We carried out a study to describe the epidemiology of postpartum hemorrhage in British Columbia, Canada, between 2000 and 2009. METHODS The study population included all women residents of British(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the maternity experiences of immigrant women (recent, ≤ 5 years in Canada; non-recent > 5 years) with those of Canadian-born women. METHODS This study was based on data from the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey of the Public Health Agency of Canada. A stratified random sample of 6421 women was drawn from a sampling frame based on(More)
UNLABELLED Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling and beta-catenin activation have been shown to be crucial for early embryonic liver development. This study determined the significance of FGF10-mediated signaling in a murine embryonic liver progenitor cell population as well as its relation to beta-catenin activation. We observed that Fgf10(-/-) and(More)
BACKGROUND Preterm births (PTB) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births are distinct but related pregnancy outcomes, with differing aetiologies and short and long-term morbidities. Few studies have compared a broad array of predictors among these two outcomes. The purpose of this study was to compare risk factors for PTB and SGA births using a national(More)
BACKGROUND Cannabis (marijuana) use and acceptance towards use are increasing in the US, and state-level policies are becoming more liberal. A wealth of research has been conducted to examine risk factors for use; however, studies rarely differentiate between different forms of marijuana. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine prevalence of use and delineate(More)
BACKGROUND Many publications have examined the reasons behind the rising cesarean delivery rate around the world. Women's responses to the Maternity Experiences Survey of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System were examined to explore correlates of having a cesarean section on other experiences surrounding labor, birth, mother-infant contact, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the most current literature in order to provide evidence-based recommendations to obstetrical care providers on induction of labour. OPTIONS Intervention in a pregnancy with induction of labour. OUTCOMES Appropriate timing and method of induction, appropriate mode of delivery, and optimal maternal and perinatal outcomes. EVIDENCE(More)
BACKGROUND Low or high prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and inadequate or excess gestational weight gain (GWG) are associated with adverse neonatal outcomes. This study estimates the contribution of these risk factors to preterm births (PTBs), small-for-gestational age (SGA) and large-for-gestational age (LGA) births in Canada compared to the contribution(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the evidence and provide recommendations for the counselling and management of obese parturients. OUTCOMES OUTCOMES evaluated include the impact of maternal obesity on the provision of antenatal and intrapartum care, maternal morbidity and mortality, and perinatal morbidity and mortality. EVIDENCE Literature was retrieved through(More)