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Cognitive disorders in children have traditionally been described in terms of clinical phenotypes or syndromes, chromosomal lesions, metabolic disorders, or neuropathology. Relatively little is known about how these disorders affect the chemical reactions involved in learning and memory. Experiments in fruit flies, snails, and mice have revealed some highly(More)
The authors present a case of "surfer's myelopathy," a rarely described syndrome characterized by nontraumatic paraparesis/paraplegia in novice surfers and theorized to result from spinal cord ischemia secondary to surfing-related positional hyperextension. Imaging and clinical course of the youngest known affected individual are discussed, including(More)
BACKGROUND Gene expression and protein synthesis, mediated by the transcription factor CREB (cAMP response element binding protein), play an important role in learning and memory in several species, including Drosophila, snails, and mice. Patients with the X-linked disorder Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS) have cognitive disabilities, distinctive features, and(More)
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