Lily A. Gutnik

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Models of decision-making usually focus on cognitive, situational, and socio-cultural variables in accounting for human performance. However, the emotional component is rarely addressed within these models. This paper reviews evidence for the emotional aspect of decision-making and its role within a new framework of investigation, called neuroeconomics. The(More)
Hospitals transitioning from paper to electronic information systems often find inadequate fit between newly implemented technology and work environment causing delays, inefficient use of resources and new kind of errors attributable to problems in human interaction with computer systems. The purpose of this study is to characterize the workflow, decision(More)
Errors in clinical practice guidelines may translate into errors in real-world clinical practice. The best way to eliminate these errors is to understand how they are generated, thus enabling the future development of methods to catch errors made in creating the guideline before publication. We examined the process by which a medical expert from the(More)
OBJECTIVE The funds available for global surgical delivery, capacity building and research are unknown and presumed to be low. Meanwhile, conditions amenable to surgery are estimated to account for nearly 30% of the global burden of disease. We describe funds given to these efforts from the USA, the world's largest donor nation. DESIGN Retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND In the face of staggering global unmet need for surgical care, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) play a substantial part in the surgical workforce, providing surgical care for those who are without it. The number of NGOs providing surgical care in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) is unknown. This information is needed to(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer burden is high in low-income countries. Inadequate early detection contributes to late diagnosis and increased mortality. We describe the training program for Malawi's first clinical breast exam (CBE) screening effort. METHODS Laywomen were recruited as Breast Health Workers (BHWs) with the help of local staff and breast cancer(More)
HIV infection rates are rapidly increasing among young heterosexuals, making it increasingly important to understand how these individuals make decisions regarding risk in sexual encounters. Our objective in this study was to characterize young adults' safer sex behaviour and associate this behaviour with patterns of reasoning, using cognitive, information(More)
BACKGROUND The non-profit and volunteer sector has made notable contributions to delivering surgical services in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). As an estimated 55 % of surgical care delivered in some LMICs is via charitable organizations; the financial contributions of this sector provides valuable insight into understanding financing priorities(More)
Obesity, and the comorbidities associated with it, have become endemic within society. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is an increasingly common procedure with medical and cosmetic benefits (Li et al., 2014) [1]. However, as the case volume increases so do the rate of uncommon complications and it is imperative for surgeons to be aware of management(More)
Despite the increasing burden, breast cancer control in sub-Saharan Africa is insufficient. Late diagnosis and lack of early detection and screening services contribute to high mortality. Clinical breast exam (CBE) screening can be valuable in low-income countries, including use of community health workers and non-health professionals to conduct exams. We(More)