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BACKGROUND We aimed to investigate the characteristics of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype C subgroups in Hong Kong and their relationship with HBV genotype C in other parts of Asia. METHODS Full-genome nucleotide sequences of 49 HBV genotype C isolates from Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B were compared with the sequences of 69 HBV genotype C(More)
Molecular epidemiological data concerning the hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Chile are not known completely. Since the HBV genotype F is the most prevalent in the country, the goal of this study was to obtain full HBV genome sequences from patients infected chronically in order to determine their subgenotypes and the occurrence of resistance-associated(More)
To develop a better understanding of the epidemiology and molecular biology of rifampin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in Australia, 50 clinical isolates (33 rifampin-resistant and 17 rifampin-sensitive strains) cultured between 1990 and 1997 were analyzed by a number of bacteriological and molecular techniques. Examination of the drug(More)
A total of 41 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains from patients of Vietnamese origin were analyzed by Southern blot hybridization with two different probes, IS6110 (Otal, I., et al., J. Clin. Microbiol. 29:1252-1254, 1991; Ross, B. C., et al., J. Clin. Microbiol. 30:942-946, 1992; Thierry, D., et al., J. Clin. Microbiol. 28:2668-2673, 1990; van Soolingen,(More)
The present study describes a heminested multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-PCR assay which enables simultaneous detection and differentiation of Norwalk-like virus (NLV) genogroups from clinical fecal samples without the need to perform sequencing or hybridization. The assay developed was able to detect concentrations of fewer than 100 viral particles(More)
SeqHepB is a combination of a HBV genome sequence analysis program and a relational database that houses data collected from multiple data sources. Registered users can access the sequence analysis component of SeqHepB online for rapid and detailed interrogation of HBV genomic sequences. Its main function is to determine the HBV genotype, identify key(More)
Long-term lamivudine (LMV) treatment of chronic hepatitis B almost inevitably engenders viral resistance. Mutations that result in the replacement of the methionine at position 204 of the deoxynucleoside triphosphate-binding site of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) reverse transcriptase (rt) by isoleucine, valine, or (rarely) serine (rtM204I/V/S) confer(More)
HIV infection has a significant impact on the natural progression of hepatitis B virus (HBV) related liver disease. In HIV-HBV co-infected patients, little is known about mutations in the HBV genome, which can influence severity of liver disease. The aim of this study was to characterize and to determine the frequency of known clinically significant(More)
All members of the family Hepadnaviridae are primarily viruses which contain double-stranded DNA genomes that are replicated via reverse transcription of a pregenomic RNA template. There are two subgroups within this family: mammalian and avian. The avian member's include the duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV), heron hepatitis B virus, Ross goose hepatitis B(More)
We report the case of an elderly woman excreting high levels (about 5 x 10(5) virions per gram of faeces) of Norwalk-like virus (NLV) in the absence of any clinical symptoms of gastroenteritis. Analysis by reverse transcription, polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing was carried out on a 342-nucleotide region of open reading frame 1. This indicated(More)