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The tumor-suppressive role of p53 at the level of tumor initiation is well documented. It has also been shown previously that p53 acts against tumor progression/metastasis. However, its role in modulating cell migration and invasion leading to metastasis is poorly understood. In this study, using vascular smooth muscle cells and NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells, we(More)
Cortactin is an F-actin binding protein that is enriched in dynamic cytoskeletal organelles such as podosomes, membrane ruffles, and lamellipodia. We have shown previously that Src-phosphorylation of cortactin is not required for its translocation to phorbol-ester induced podosomes in A7r5 aortic smooth muscle cells, but may be important for stability and(More)
We have recently shown that Src induces the formation of podosomes and cell invasion by suppressing endogenous p53, while enhanced p53 strongly represses the Src-induced invasive phenotype. However, the mechanism by which Src and p53 play antagonistic roles in cell invasion is unknown. Here we show that the Stat3 oncogene is a required downstream effector(More)
Cells degrade extracellular matrix (ECM) barriers at focal locations by the formation of membrane protrusions called invadopodia. Polymerization of the actin cytoskeleton is critical to the extension of these processes into the ECM. We used a short interference RNA/rescue strategy to investigate the role of cortactin in the formation of Src-induced(More)
Mesenchymal cells employ actin-based membrane protrusions called podosomes and invadopodia for cross-tissue migration during normal human development such as embryogenesis and angiogenesis, and in diseases such as atherosclerosis plaque formation and cancer cell metastasis. The Akt isoforms, downstream effectors of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K), play(More)
The tumor suppressor, p53, negatively regulates cell migration and invasion in addition to its role in apoptosis, cell cycle regulation and senescence. Here, we study the roles of p53 in PDGF-induced circular dorsal ruffle (CDR) formation in rat aortic smooth muscle (RASM) cells. In primary and immortalized RASM cells, up-regulation of p53 expression or(More)
In vitro and in vivo evidence has indicated that the tumor suppressor, p53, may play a significant role in the regulation of atherosclerotic plaque formation. In vivo studies using global knockout mice models, however, have generated inconclusive results that do not address the roles of p53 in various cell types involved in atherosclerosis. In this study,(More)
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