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This paper presents a new direct method for estimating the average center of rotation (CoR). An existing least-squares (LS) solution has been shown by previous works to have reduced accuracy for data with small range of motion (RoM). Alternative methods proposed to improve the CoR estimation use iterative algorithms. However, in this paper we show that with(More)
Interaction with unstructured groups of objects allows a robot to discover and manipulate novel items in cluttered environments. We present a framework for interactive singulation of individual items from a pile. The proposed framework provides an overall approach for tasks involving operation on multiple objects, such as counting, arranging, or sorting(More)
The thumb is essential to the hand's function in grasping and manipulating objects. Previous anthropomorphic robot hands have thumbs that are biologically-inspired but kinematically-simplified. In order to study the biomechanics and neuromuscular control of hand function, an anatomical robotic model of the human thumb is constructed for the(More)
Participants lifted a canister by its handle while balancing a ball on the lid. Experiment 1 allowed object rotation prior to lifting. A lifting comfort zone was measured by the variability in object orientation at lift; its size depended on the object mass and required task precision. The amount of prelift rotation correlated with the resulting change in(More)
Although the human hand is a complex biomechanical system, only a small set of features may be necessary for observation learning of functional grasp classes. We explore how to methodically select a minimal set of hand pose features from optical marker data for grasp recognition. Supervised feature selection is used to determine a reduced feature set of(More)
—Recent advances in neuroscience and humanoid robotics have allowed initial demonstrations of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) for controlling humanoid robots. However, previous BCIs have relied on higher-level control based on fixed pre-wired behaviors. On the other hand, low-level control can be tedious, imposing a high cognitive load on the BCI user. To(More)
—Humans exhibit a rich set of manipulation strategies that may be desirable to mimic in humanoid robots. This study investigates preparatory object rotation as a manipulation strategy for grasping objects from different presented orientations. First, we examine how humans use preparatory rotation as a grasping strategy for lifting heavy objects with(More)
A simple method is developed for robustly estimating a fixed dominant axis of rotation (AoR) of anatomical joints from surface marker data. Previous approaches which assume a model of circular marker trajectories use plane fitting to estimate the direction of the AoR. However, when there is limited joint range of motion and rotation due to a second degree(More)
We measured the morphology of and performed tensile tests on sagittal sutures from rats of postnatal age 2 to 60 days. Using the properties measured ex vivo and a pressure vessel-based analysis, we estimated the quasi-static strain that had existed in the suture in vivo from 2 to 60 days. Sutural thickness, width, and stiffness per length were notable(More)
The mobility of the thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint is critical for functional grasping and manipulation tasks. We present an optimization technique for determining from surface marker measurements a subject-specific kinematic model of the in vivo CMC joint that is suitable for measuring mobility. Our anatomy-based cost metric scores a candidate joint(More)