Lillian Fournier

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The initiating event in preeclampsia is thought be to reduced uteroplacental perfusion. Although we have reported previously that chronic reductions in uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) in pregnant rats results in hypertension and enhanced endothelin production, the factors linking placental ischemia and endothelial cell activation remain unclear. The(More)
The present study was undertaken to determine whether factors that affect K+ permeability produce differences in insulin secretion in the islets of obese versus lean mice. At basal glucose (3 mM), the obese islets secreted more insulin for a given increment in depolarizing K+ concentration and responded to a wider range of K+ concentrations (5-45 mM) than(More)
At optimum magnesium, the translation of rat heart mRNA in the nuclease treated rabbit reticulocyte lysate system was inhibited by low concentrations of spermidine or spermine but not of putrescine. Spermidine and spermine cause a general reduction in the translation of all the heart mRNAs since no differential effects were observed when the translation(More)
The purpose of these experiments was to determine whether the activity of the voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel was modulated in the same manner in islets of the ob/ob mouse as in islets of homozygous lean mice of the same strain. The effect of agents that are known to alter the concentrations and movements of intracellular Ca2+ were investigated in relation(More)
Both an excess and an imbalance of amino acids have been associated with total parenteral nutrition-induced cholestasis. The present study was undertaken to further our understanding of this condition in light of observations that methyl donor amino acids may be protective. Rats were maintained on Travasol (3.4 g amino acids/24 h) and dextrose (10.2 g/24 h)(More)
It has been suggested that the quantity of amino acids perfused is a pathogenetic factor in total parenteral nutrition (TPN)-associated hepatotoxicity. However, the effect of the qualitative pattern of amino acid solutions has not been studied. Rats on parenteral nutrition for 5 days received 10.2 g of dextrose and 3.4 g of amino acids daily. Bile flow(More)
The modulation of intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) by cAMP was compared in pancreatic beta-cells of lean (+/+) and obese (ob/ob) mice. Neither forskolin nor 8-bromo-cAMP significantly affected basal [Ca2+]i in unstimulated lean and obese mouse beta-cells. In obese, but not in lean mouse beta-cells, adding forskolin or 8-bromo-cAMP during(More)
In vivo studies were carried out in young Sprague-Dawley rats to examine the role of gastric lipolysis on fat absorption and bile acid metabolism. When fed by gastric perfusion 5 times (corn oil, 4 g/day) their usual dietary intake of fat, rats deprived of lingual lipase by the creation of an esophageal fistula had a significant degree of fat and bile acid(More)
Reductions in uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) in pregnant rats is associated with increased tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). This study was designed to determine the role of endogenous TNF-alpha in mediating changes in arterial pressure and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in RUPP rats. To achieve this goal we examined the effect of RUPP in the presence and(More)
In view of the effect of taurine feeding on the cholestasis induced by sulfated lithocholate in the guinea pig, it was of interest to explore the influence of taurine on the bile acid secretory maximum (SRm) of chenodeoxycholic acid and of its glycine and taurine conjugates. Bile acid secretory rate measured in response to stepwise increasing rates showed(More)