Lillian E. Dyck

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Recent neuroimaging and postmortem studies have reported abnormalities in white matter of schizophrenic brains, suggesting the involvement of oligodendrocytes in the etiopathology of schizophrenia. This view is being supported by gene microarray studies showing the downregulation of genes related to oligodendrocyte function and myelination in schizophrenic(More)
We previously found that the atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone reduce PC12 cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide, N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion, or beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta(25-35)). Such neurotoxic substances have in common the capability of causing oxidative stress. Atypical APDs have been used in(More)
The concentrations of dopamine (DA), m-tyramine (mTA), p-tyramine (pTA) and serotonin (5-HT) in the striata of rats 18 hr after the administration of three different doses (5, 50, or 100 mg/kg) of beta-phenylethylhydrazine (phenelzine, PEH) were measured. These concentrations were compared to those following the administration of the same doses of(More)
The basal and 50 mM K+-stimulated release of m-tyramine (mTA), p-tyramine (pTA), tryptamine (TR) and phenylethylamine (PE) from striatal slices obtained from rats pretreated with a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) was investigated. A K+-stimulated release of mTA and pTA was observed, but K+ did not stimulate either TR or PE release. The latter two amines,(More)
The MAO inhibitor phenelzine (PLZ) at a dose of 25 mg/kg does not affect the behavior of rats. In contrast, the equivalent dose of a deuterated analog (α,α,β,β-tetradeutero-PLZ, d4PLZ) elicits a biphasic behavioral syndrome in rats. In an attempt to correlate changes in cerebral monoamines with behavior, the concentration of various amines were measured at(More)
1. Male Wistar rats were injected i.p. with phenelzine at doses of 12.5-150 mg/kg and their behaviour monitored for 12 hr. 2. Phenelzine at doses of 50 mg/kg and above induced biphasic behavioural stimulation. During the first hr after injection the rats exhibited stereotyped rearing, sniffing and headbobbing and were hyperactive and hyperreactive. In(More)
Slices of striatal tissue obtained from saline-injected rats were incubated with 3H-phenylalanine in the presence of pargyline. This resulted in the formation of 3H-m-tyramine, 3H-p-tyramine, and 3H-phenylethylamine. Pretreatment of the rats with alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine reduced the formation of 3H-m-tyramine and 3H-p-tyramine, but enhanced the formation of(More)
Administration of phenelzine (100 mg/kg, i.p., 18 hr) increased rat striatal concentrations of pTA, mTA and DA by 30, 6.7 and 1.5 fold, respectively. Lesions of the medial forebrain bundle prevented these increase, permitting the conclusion that the phenelzine-induced amine increases were localized in the synaptic terminals. The release of endogenous pTA,(More)
  • L E Dyck
  • Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research
  • 1995
The types of aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDH) present in human hair roots and in saliva were investigated. ALDH was detected by activity staining following separation of crude extracts by isoelectric focusing. Hair roots were found to express ALDH1, ALDH2, ALDH3, and ALDH4, whereas saliva expressed ALDH3. Two different patterns of ALDH3 were detected in hair(More)