Learn More
Recent neuroimaging and postmortem studies have reported abnormalities in white matter of schizophrenic brains, suggesting the involvement of oligodendrocytes in the etiopathology of schizophrenia. This view is being supported by gene microarray studies showing the downregulation of genes related to oligodendrocyte function and myelination in schizophrenic(More)
Clinical studies show better response rates of patients with depression and schizophrenia to combinations of atypical antipsychotics and antidepressants, compared to responses to either type of drugs alone. Animal studies demonstrate that some antipsychotics and antidepressants increase neurogenesis and BDNF expression in the hippocampus, which is reduced(More)
We previously found that the atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone reduce PC12 cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide, N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion, or beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta(25-35)). Such neurotoxic substances have in common the capability of causing oxidative stress. Atypical APDs have been used in(More)
OBJECTIVE Atypical antipsychotic drugs have been shown to protect PC12 cells from cell death induced by a variety of stimuli in culture. Recently, it has been postulated that trophic factors, such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), play a role in preventing cell death. It has been shown that antipsychotic drugs attenuate the decrease in rat(More)
We have demonstrated recently that atypical antipsychotics possess neuroprotective actions in H2O2-mediated and serum-withdrawal models of cell death. In the present study, we compared the ability of atypical and typical antipsychotics to protect against an insult mediated by Abeta(25-35), an apoptogenic fragment of the Alzheimer's disease-related(More)
Slices of striatal tissue obtained from saline-injected rats were incubated with 3H-phenylalanine in the presence of pargyline. This resulted in the formation of 3H-m-tyramine, 3H-p-tyramine, and 3H-phenylethylamine. Pretreatment of the rats with alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine reduced the formation of 3H-m-tyramine and 3H-p-tyramine, but enhanced the formation of(More)
We have shown that quetiapine, a new antipsychotic drug, protects cultured cells against oxidative stress-related cytotoxicities induced by amyloid beta (Abeta)25-35, and that quetiapine prevents memory impairment and decreases Abeta plaques in the brains of amyloid precursor protein (APP)/presenilin-1 (PS-1) double-mutant mice. The aim of this study was to(More)
To determine whether the monoamine oxidase inhibitor phenelzine was metabolized in vivo to produce beta-phenylethylamine (PE) and p-hydroxy-beta-phenylethylamine [p-tyramine (pTA)], a deuterated analogue, alpha, alpha,, beta, beta-2H-phenelzine (d4-phenelzine) was synthesized and injected i.p. into rats. In the first experiment, rat striata from(More)
The concentration of p-tyramine in the rat striatum was increased significantly by intraperitoneal injection of phenelzine (5 or 100 mg/kg). Unlike other monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, phenelzine had no effect on p-tyramine levels in the first 1-2 h following injection. The high dose of phenelzine increased the p-tyramine levels much more than the low(More)