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Recent neuroimaging and postmortem studies have reported abnormalities in white matter of schizophrenic brains, suggesting the involvement of oligodendrocytes in the etiopathology of schizophrenia. This view is being supported by gene microarray studies showing the downregulation of genes related to oligodendrocyte function and myelination in schizophrenic(More)
The concentrations of dopamine (DA), m-tyramine (mTA), p-tyramine (pTA) and serotonin (5-HT) in the striata of rats 18 hr after the administration of three different doses (5, 50, or 100 mg/kg) of beta-phenylethylhydrazine (phenelzine, PEH) were measured. These concentrations were compared to those following the administration of the same doses of(More)
We previously found that the atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone reduce PC12 cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide, N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion, or beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta(25-35)). Such neurotoxic substances have in common the capability of causing oxidative stress. Atypical APDs have been used in(More)
1. Male Wistar rats were injected i.p. with phenelzine at doses of 12.5-150 mg/kg and their behaviour monitored for 12 hr. 2. Phenelzine at doses of 50 mg/kg and above induced biphasic behavioural stimulation. During the first hr after injection the rats exhibited stereotyped rearing, sniffing and headbobbing and were hyperactive and hyperreactive. In(More)
To determine whether the monoamine oxidase inhibitor phenelzine was metabolized in vivo to produce beta-phenylethylamine (PE) and p-hydroxy-beta-phenylethylamine [p-tyramine (pTA)], a deuterated analogue, alpha, alpha,, beta, beta-2H-phenelzine (d4-phenelzine) was synthesized and injected i.p. into rats. In the first experiment, rat striata from(More)
The concentration of p-tyramine in the rat striatum was increased significantly by intraperitoneal injection of phenelzine (5 or 100 mg/kg). Unlike other monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, phenelzine had no effect on p-tyramine levels in the first 1-2 h following injection. The high dose of phenelzine increased the p-tyramine levels much more than the low(More)
Clinical studies show better response rates of patients with depression and schizophrenia to combinations of atypical antipsychotics and antidepressants, compared to responses to either type of drugs alone. Animal studies demonstrate that some antipsychotics and antidepressants increase neurogenesis and BDNF expression in the hippocampus, which is reduced(More)
The basal and 50 mM K+-stimulated release of m-tyramine (mTA), p-tyramine (pTA), tryptamine (TR) and phenylethylamine (PE) from striatal slices obtained from rats pretreated with a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) was investigated. A K+-stimulated release of mTA and pTA was observed, but K+ did not stimulate either TR or PE release. The latter two amines,(More)
  • L E Dyck
  • 1983
Slices of striatum obtained from control rats were incubated with 3H-serotonin (3H-5HT) or 14C-dopamine (14C-DA) in the presence of pargyline; then, they were subjected to a rapid transfer technique during which they were washed either with a normal Krebs buffer or one containing known quantities of phenelzine (PEH) or beta-phenylethylamine (PE). Both PEH(More)