Lillian D Traber

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INTRODUCTION Different isoforms of nitric oxide synthases (NOS) and determinants of oxidative/nitrosative stress play important roles in the pathophysiology of pulmonary dysfunction induced by acute lung injury (ALI) and sepsis. However, the time changes of these pathogenic factors are largely undetermined. METHODS Twenty-four chronically instrumented(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to play a major role in acute lung injury (ALI) after smoke inhalation. In the present study, we developed an ovine sepsis model, created by exposing sheep to smoke inhalation followed by instillation of bacteria into the airway, that mimics human sepsis and pneumonia. We hypothesized that the inhibition of neuronal NO(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of varying large crystalloid infusion volumes, ranging from a volume that has been safely administered to volunteers to a volume that greatly exceeds a practical volume for studies in normovolemic humans, of rapidly infused 0.9% saline on the elimination rate constant in sheep. METHODS(More)
INTRODUCTION This prospective, randomized, controlled, experimental animal study looks at the effects of recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) on global hemodynamics and microcirculation in ovine acute lung injury (ALI) and septic shock, resulting from smoke inhalation injury. METHODS Twenty-one sheep (37 ± 2 kg) were operatively prepared for(More)
INTRODUCTION Endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of sepsis, associated with lung transvascular fluid flux and pulmonary dysfunction in septic patients. We tested the hypothesis that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sepsis following smoke inhalation increases pulmonary transvascular fluid flux via excessive nitric oxide (NO) production.(More)
We hypothesized that the antibody neutralization of L-selectin would decrease the pulmonary abnormalities characteristic of burn and smoke inhalation injury. Three groups of sheep (n = 18) were prepared and randomized: the LAM-(1-3) group (n = 6) was injected intravenously with 1 mg/kg of leukocyte adhesion molecule (LAM)-(1-3) (mouse monoclonal antibody(More)
The morbidity and mortality of burn victims increase when burn injury is combined with smoke inhalation. The goal of the present study was to develop a murine model of burn and smoke inhalation injury to more precisely reveal the mechanistic aspects of these pathological changes. The burn injury mouse group received a 40% total body surface area(More)
INTRODUCTION We hypothesized that maintaining physiological plasma levels of antithrombin attenuates myocardial dysfunction and inflammation as well as vascular leakage associated with burn and smoke inhalation injury. Therefore, the present prospective, randomized experiment was conducted using an established ovine model. METHODS Following 40% of total(More)
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