Lilliam Casillas-Martínez

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Fur (ferric uptake regulator) proteins control iron uptake in many Gram-negative bacteria. Although Fur homologues have been identified in Gram-positive bacteria, their roles in gene regulation are unknown. Genome sequencing has revealed three fur homologues in Bacillus subtilis: yqkL, yqfV and ygaG. We demonstrate that yqkL encodes an iron uptake(More)
The Cabo Rojo Solar Salterns located on the southwest coast of Puerto Rico are composed of two main ecosystems (i.e., salt ponds and microbial mats). Even though these locations are characterized by high solar radiation (mean light intensity of 39 mol photons m-2d-1) they harbour a diverse microscopic life. We used morphological and molecular techniques to(More)
Previous work has shown that the katX gene encodes the major catalase in dormant spores of Bacillus subtilis but that this enzyme has no role in dormant spore resistance to hydrogen peroxide. Expression of a katX-lacZ fusion began at approximately h 2 of sporulation, and >75% of the katX-driven beta-galactosidase was packaged into the mature spore. A(More)
Methionine residues in alpha/beta-type small, acid-soluble spore proteins (SASP) of Bacillus species were readily oxidized to methionine sulfoxide in vitro by t-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). These oxidized alpha/beta-type SASP no longer bound to DNA effectively, but DNA binding protected alpha/beta-type SASP against methionine(More)
Only a single superoxide dismutase (SodA) was detected in Bacillus subtilis, and growing cells of a sodA mutant exhibited paraquat sensitivity as well as a growth defect and reduced survival at an elevated temperature. However, the sodA mutation had no effect on the heat or hydrogen peroxide resistance of wild-type spores or spores lacking the two major DNA(More)
Previous work has shown that the katX gene encodes the major catalase in dormant spores of Bacillus subtilis but that this enzyme has no role in dormant spore resistance to hydrogen peroxide. Expression of a katX-lacZ fusion began at approximately h 2 of sporulation, and >75% of the katX-driven b-galactosidase was packaged into the mature spore. A mutation(More)
Bacillus subtilis cells lacking the PerR repressor which regulates transcription of genes encoding oxidative stress protective proteins grew at 30-50% the rate of wild-type cells, and perR cultures accumulated rapidly growing suppressor mutants lacking the catalase whose expression is regulated by PerR. However, perR spores which retained the perR regulated(More)
Although the implications of calcium carbonate (CaCO(3)) precipitation by microorganisms in natural environments are quite relevant, the physiology and genetics of this phenomenon are poorly understood. We have chosen Bacillus subtilis 168 as our model to study which physiological aspects are associated with CaCO(3) (calcite) formation during biofilm(More)
Microbial mats are one of the best suited laminar organo-sedimentary ecosystems for students from different educational backgrounds to visualize the direct relationship between microbes and minerals. We have used tropical hypersaline microbial mats from Puerto Rico as educational tools to promote active learning of geomicrobiology introductory concepts for(More)
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