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B cell-derived chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) represents a common malignancy whose cell derivation and pathogenesis are unknown. Recent studies have shown that >50% of CLLs display hypermutated immunoglobulin variable region (IgV) sequences and a more favorable prognosis, suggesting that they may represent a distinct subset of CLLs which have(More)
Chromosomal translocations involving the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) locus at chromosome 14q32 represent a common mechanism of oncogene activation in lymphoid malignancies. In multiple myeloma (MM), the most consistent chromosomal abnormality is the 14q+ marker, which originates in one third of cases through a t(11; 14)(q13; q32) chromosomal(More)
CD26 (dipeptidyl peptidase IV, DPP IV) is widely expressed by T and natural killer (NK) cells, epithelial and endothelial cells of different tissues, and it is strongly upregulated in activated B-cells; moreover it plays a regulatory role in the neoplastic transformation and progression of various types of tumours. CD26 expression was evaluated by means of(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is the most common form of plasma cell dyscrasia, characterized by a marked heterogeneity of genetic lesions and clinical course. It may develop from a premalignant condition (monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, MGUS) or progress from intramedullary to extramedullary forms (plasma cell leukemia, PCL). To provide(More)
High serum Mucin-1 (sMUC-1) levels have been shown in patients with adenocarcinoma and multiple myeloma (MM). We evaluated sMUC-1 levels in 76 patients with MM, 6 with plasma cells leukaemia (PCL) and 89 with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, to establish prevalence data and verify its possible prognostic role. Of the 171 patients, 27(More)
A vincristine, melphalan, cyclophosphamide, and prednisone (VMCP) multi-drug regimen was used in 85 previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma (MM) (symptomatic Durie Stages II and III) until they became refractory. The prognostic significance of various pretreatment characteristics was evaluated in terms of therapeutic response (according to(More)
Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a frequent complication during primary macroglobulinemia (PM), whose immunological genesis has been suggested by various authors. This study involved 65 PM patients (44 men and 21 women aged 35-78), diagnostically divided into MGUS (31 cases), and indolent (IWM, 24 cases) or symptomatic (WM, 10 cases) Waldenstrom(More)
We have recently reported a series of 15 non-villous splenic marginal zone lymphoma patients, six of whom showed p53 mutations (40%). This molecular alteration did not correlate with any particular clinico-pathologic feature at diagnosis. After a median follow-up of 56 months, four cases evolved into aggressive fatal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and two had(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF-2α) plays a pivotal role in the balancing of oxygen requirements throughout the body. The protein is a transcription factor that modulates the expression of a wide array of genes and, in turn, controls several key processes including energy metabolism, erythropoiesis and angiogenesis. We describe here the identification of(More)
BCL10, a gene involved in apoptosis signalling, has recently been identified through the cloning of chromosomal breakpoints in extranodal (MALT-type) marginal zone lymphomas carrying the t(1;14)(p22;q32) translocation. BCL10 was also found mutated in these cases as well as in other types of lymphoid and solid tumors, suggesting that its inactivation may(More)