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Streptozotocin-treated C57B1/SJL mice developed glomerular hypertrophy and light microscopic lesions mimicking human diabetic glomerulosclerosis. In contrast, there were no glomerular hypertrophy and lesions in diabetic mice transgenic (TG) for a mutated growth hormone (bGH-G119K) that competes with native endogenous GH and results in dwarfism. We examined(More)
The glomeruli of mice transgenic for bovine growth hormone (GH mice) were disproportionately enlarged as a function of either kidney or body weight. Glomerular size correlated with mesangial sclerosis and the urine albumin/creatinine ratio. The glomerular lesions consisted of mesangial proliferation (4 to 5 weeks) followed by progressive mesangial sclerosis(More)
High levels of tissue advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that result from the spontaneous modification of proteins by glucose occur in diabetes and aging. To address the potential pathogenic role of AGEs in the glomerulosclerosis of diabetes or nephrosclerosis of aging, doses of AGE-modified rat albumin (25 mg per kg per day, i.v.) sufficient to elevate(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive glomerulosclerosis associated with decreasing kidney function, resulting in end-stage renal failure, is the major finding in diabetic nephropathy. There are multiple components of the extracellular matrix, and neither the exact composition nor the factors responsible for its increase in diabetic nephropathy is known. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Nonobese diabetic mice (NOD) are prone to glomerular pathology, which is accelerated with the onset of diabetes. Advanced glycation end product (AGE) interactions with AGE-receptors (AGE-Rs) in kidneys can contribute to glomerular injury and diabetic nephropathy (DN). The significant elevation in kidney AGE deposits noted in prediabetic NOD mice(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix in the glomeruli of diabetic kidneys may be due to reactive intermediates forming between glucose and matrix proteins called advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Normal mice received AGE-modified mouse serum albumin i.p. for 4 weeks, and glomerular extracellular(More)
PURPOSE Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is characterized by progressive thickening and accumulation of various lipid-rich extracellular matrix (ECM) deposits under the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). ECM dysregulation probably contributes to the pathologic course of ARMD. By activating estrogen receptors (ERs), estrogens regulate the expression of(More)
Polyclonal affinity-purified antibodies to human collagen types I, III, and IV, and laminin were used to compare the extracellular matrix (ECM) in 10 normal and 32 abnormal lungs by indirect immunofluorescence. In normal lungs, type IV collagen and laminin codistributed in a uniform linear pattern along the epithelial and endothelial basement membranes.(More)