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An increase in glomerular size occurs in normal maturation after subtotal renal ablation and disease states such as diabetes mellitus. The role that growth hormone (GH), growth hormone releasing factor (GHRF), and insulinlike growth factor-1 (IGF-1) play in these processes has been investigated using transgenic mice chronically expressing these hormones.(More)
Glomerular cell culture has now become a widely used research technique. At the present time procedures are available to obtain isolated glomeruli from nearly all species. The isolation of individual cells has proven problematical. This is due to the lack of defined markers. Thus, it is not yet possible to determine the presence and relative degree of(More)
We reported that the Os mutation in ROP mice induced a 50% reduction in nephron number, glomerular hypertrophy, and severe glomerulosclerosis. We examined two mouse strains with the Os mutation, ROP Os/+ and C57 Os/+ mice, to determine whether the genetic background influenced the development of glomerulosclerosis. Nephron number was decreased by 50% in(More)
The glomeruli of mice transgenic for bovine growth hormone (GH mice) were disproportionately enlarged as a function of either kidney or body weight. Glomerular size correlated with mesangial sclerosis and the urine albumin/creatinine ratio. The glomerular lesions consisted of mesangial proliferation (4 to 5 weeks) followed by progressive mesangial sclerosis(More)
The macrophage mannose receptor, a carbohydrate-binding membrane protein, mediates endocytosis and phagocytosis. This study was undertaken to determine whether mannose receptors were expressed in resting glomerular mesangial and endothelial cells and whether their level was affected by cytokines. Neither mannose receptor mRNA nor proteins were found in(More)
Streptozotocin-treated C57B1/SJL mice developed glomerular hypertrophy and light microscopic lesions mimicking human diabetic glomerulosclerosis. In contrast, there were no glomerular hypertrophy and lesions in diabetic mice transgenic (TG) for a mutated growth hormone (bGH-G119K) that competes with native endogenous GH and results in dwarfism. We examined(More)
The renal glomerulus is both a site of action and synthesis of IGF-I. We previously demonstrated the presence of IGF-I receptor and synthesis in glomerular mesangial cells. In this study we investigated the presence of specific IGF-I receptors on mouse glomerular endothelial and epithelial cells in culture. [125I]IGF-I specifically bound to the cell surface(More)
High levels of tissue advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that result from the spontaneous modification of proteins by glucose occur in diabetes and aging. To address the potential pathogenic role of AGEs in the glomerulosclerosis of diabetes or nephrosclerosis of aging, doses of AGE-modified rat albumin (25 mg per kg per day, i.v.) sufficient to elevate(More)