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The cDNA encoding Pfmap-2, an enzyme of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. The open reading frame carried by the Pfmap-2 cDNA encodes a 508-amino acid polypeptide of 59.2 kDa with maximal homology to mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) from various organisms. The purified(More)
The antimicrobial activity of various naturally occurring microbicidal peptides was reported to result from their interaction with microbial membrane. In this study, we investigated the cytotoxicity of the hemolytic peptide dermaseptin S4 (DS4) and the nonhemolytic peptide dermaseptin S3 (DS3) toward human erythrocytes infected by the malaria parasite(More)
We report in this work a highly sensitive and nonradioactive PCR method for the detection of the four species of parasite causing human malaria. Plasmodium-specific primers corresponding to the small-subunit rRNA genes of the malaria parasite were used, and a 291-bp fragment was amplified. Our results showed a high specificity for the four human Plasmodium(More)
The in vitro activities of 25 quinolones and fluoroquinolones against erythrocytic stages of Plasmodium falciparum and against liver stages of Plasmodium yoelii yoelii and P. falciparum were studied. All compounds were inhibitory for chloroquine-sensitive and chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum grown in red blood cells. This inhibitory effect increased with(More)
OBJECTIVES A quantitative structure-activity relationship study using a database of 395 compounds previously tested against chloroquine-susceptible strains of the blood stages of Plasmodium falciparum to predict new in vitro antimalarial drugs has been developed. METHODS Topological indices were used as structural descriptors and were related to(More)
Acute clinical manifestations of falciparum malaria, such as multiorgan failure and cerebral malaria, occur unpredictably and lead to coma and death within hours if left untreated. Despite the emergency administration of effective antimalarial drugs, 15%-20% of patients die. Other therapeutic approaches are therefore urgently needed. There is increasing(More)
Patients with severe malaria treated with artesunate sometimes experience a delayed hemolytic episode. Artesunate (AS) induces pitting, a splenic process whereby dead parasites are expelled from their host erythrocytes. These once-infected erythrocytes then return to the circulation. We analyzed hematologic parameters in 123 travelers treated with AS for(More)
BACKGROUND Severe malaria and one of its most important pathogenic processes, cerebral malaria, involves the sequestration of parasitized red blood cells (pRBCs) in brain postcapillary venules. Although the pathogenic mechanisms underlying malaria remain poorly characterized, it has been established that adhesion of pRBCs to endothelial cells (ECs) can(More)