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Although it is well known that high-frequency stimulation (HFS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) alleviates the cardinal symptoms of Parkinson's disease, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We investigated the effect of stimulation from low to high frequencies on rat STN neurons in naive and dopamine-depleted slices using whole-cell,(More)
How does deep brain stimulation (DBS) applied at high frequency (100 Hz and above, HFS) in diverse points of cortico-basal ganglia thalamo-cortical loops alleviate symptoms of neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, dystonia, and obsessive compulsive disorders? Do the effects of HFS stem solely or even largely from local effects on the(More)
Deep-brain stimulation at high frequency is now considered the most effective neurosurgical therapy for movement disorders. An electrode is chronically implanted in a particular area of the brain and, when continuously stimulated, it significantly alleviates motor symptoms. In Parkinson's disease, common target nuclei of high-frequency stimulation (HFS) are(More)
Excessive burst firing in the dopamine-depleted basal ganglia correlates with severe motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease that are attenuated by high frequency electrical stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN). Here we test the hypothesis that pathological bursts in dopamine-deprived basal ganglia are generated within the STN and transmitted to(More)
In clinical conditions, high-frequency stimulation (HFS) of subthalamic (STN) neurons in Parkinson's disease is empirically applied at > or =100 Hz (130-185 Hz), with pulses of short duration (60-100 micros) and 1- to 3-mA amplitude. Other parameter values produce no effect or aggravate the symptoms. To gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a case of primary bacterial pituitary abscess manifesting as hypopituitarism. METHODS We present the case history, hormonal and bacteriologic data, and findings on imaging studies in a 34-year-old man. RESULTS The patient had an 8-month history of intermittent fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. Because a computed(More)
Impairments of synaptic plasticity are a hallmark of several neurological disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD) which results from the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta leading to abnormal activity within the basal ganglia (BG) network and pathological motor symptoms. Indeed, disrupted plasticity at(More)
Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii, an intracellular parasite of universal distribution, with a variable prevalence depending on the region. This infection causes both morbidity and mortality in the fetus and newborn. The present study is an evaluation of the Argentine Consensus Guidelines regarding prenatal prevention of(More)
In clinical conditions high frequency stimulation (HFS) of subthalamic (STN) neurons in Parkinson's disease is empirically applied at 100 Hz or above (130-185 Hz), with pulses of short duration (60-100 µs) and 1-3 mA amplitude. Other parameter values produce no effect or aggravate the symptoms. To gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that underlie(More)