Liliana M. Giussani

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DNA sequence data from the chloroplast gene ndhF were analyzed to estimate the phylogeny of the subfamily Panicoideae, with emphasis on the tribe Paniceae. Our data suggest that the subfamily is divided into three strongly supported clades, corresponding to groups with largely identical base chromosome numbers. Relationships among the three clades are(More)
Panicum L. is a cosmopolitan genus with approximately 450 species. Although the genus has been considerably reduced in species number with the segregation of many taxa to independent genera in the last two centuries, Panicum remains a heterogeneous assemblage, as has been demonstrated in recent years. The genus is remarkably uniform in its floral characters(More)
• Grasses rank among the world's most ecologically and economically important plants. Repeated evolution of the C(4) syndrome has made photosynthesis highly efficient in many grasses, inspiring intensive efforts to engineer the pathway into C(3) crops. However, comparative biology has been of limited use to this endeavor because of uncertainty in the number(More)
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS Twenty-five genera having sterile inflorescence branches were recognized as the bristle clade within the x = 9 Paniceae (Panicoideae). Within the bristle clade, taxonomic circumscription of Cenchrus (20-25 species), Pennisetum (80-140) and the monotypic Odontelytrum is still unclear. Several criteria have been applied to characterize(More)
The subtribe Melinidinae (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) includes 14 genera that present the PCK photosynthetic subtype in addition to several other unique and also common characters. The purpose of this research was (1) to test the monophyly of the subtribe Melinidinae, including 331 ndhF sequences of Panicoids and related genera, (2) to analyze the(More)
In the present work, we studied the presence of “epichloë/neotyphodium endophytes” in native grasses from Argentina. An extensive area of this country, representative of several different environments, was studied. Nine new host species of the genera Briza, Bromus and Poa were observed to be infected with asexual seed-borne endophytes. Epichloë stromata(More)
Phylogenetic analyses of 131 terminals of Paspalum and related genera, based on both plastid and nuclear markers, were performed under maximum parsimony and Bayesian methods. The total evidence analyses generated a hypothesis showing that Paspalum would be monophyletic if Spheneria, Thrasyopsis and Reimarochloa are included within the genus. Paspalum(More)
Jarava, a genus of the tribe Stipeae with 31 American species, is considered polyphyletic. In previous phylogenetic analyses, despite a few species of Jarava were used, they were included in the Major American Clade (MAC) together with species of Achnatherum, Amelichloa and Nassella. The main goal of this study is to test the monophyly of Jarava and to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Poa subgenus Poa supersect. Homalopoa has diversified extensively in the Americas. Over half of the species in the supersection are diclinous; most of these are from the New World, while a few are from South-East Asia. Diclinism in Homalopoa can be divided into three main types: gynomonoecism, gynodioecism and dioecism. Here the sampling(More)
Ipheion, as recognized by Guaglianone (Darwiniana 17:159–242, 1972), is a small genus of the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Allioideae, tribe Gilliesieae endemic to South America. Since 1800, the species of Ipheion were treated under Beauverdia, Brodiaea, Milla, Nothoscordum, Tristagma or Triteleia. Nowadays, some species of Ipheion are treated as(More)