Liliana Castro

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BACKGROUND Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is the common second messenger for the cardiovascular effects of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides, such as atrial or brain natriuretic peptide, which activate the soluble and particulate forms of guanylyl cyclase, respectively. However, natriuretic peptides and NO donors exert different effects on(More)
A current challenge in cellular signaling is to decipher the complex intracellular spatiotemporal organization that any given cell type has developed to discriminate among different external stimuli acting via a common signaling pathway. This obviously applies to cAMP and cGMP signaling in the heart, where these cyclic nucleotides determine the regulation(More)
Biochemical studies have established the presence of a NO pathway in the heart, including sources of NO and various effectors. Several cardiac ion channels have been shown to be modified by NO, such as L-type Ca(2+), ATP-sensitive K(+), and pacemaker f-channels. Some of these effects are mediated by cGMP, through the activity of three main proteins: the(More)
RATIONALE We have shown recently that particulate (pGC) and soluble guanylyl (sGC) cyclases synthesize cGMP in different compartments in adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs). OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) exerts a feedback control on cGMP concentration contributing to its intracellular compartmentation. METHODS AND(More)
We investigated the role of phosphodiesterases (PDEs) in the integration of cAMP signals and protein kinase A (PKA) activity following beta-adrenergic stimulation, by carrying out real-time imaging of male mouse pyramidal cortical neurons expressing biosensors to monitor cAMP levels (Epac1-camps and Epac2-camps300) or PKA activity (AKAR2). In the soma,(More)
The NO-cGMP signaling plays an important role in the regulation of striatal function although the mechanisms of action of cGMP specifically in medium spiny neurons (MSNs) remain unclear. Using genetically encoded fluorescent biosensors, including a novel Epac-based sensor (EPAC-S(H150)) with increased sensitivity for cAMP, we analyze the cGMP response to NO(More)
  The cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) signalling cascade is ubiquitous, and each step in this cascade involves enzymes that are expressed in multiple isoforms. We investigated the effects of this diversity on the integration of the pathway in the target cell by comparing prefrontal cortical neurones with striatal neurones which express a very specific set of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the effects of change in interpersonal stress on disease activity among 41 women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Measures of everyday stressful events and perceived stress were collected weekly for twelve weeks and related to disease activity in a series of pooled time-series regression analyses. RESULTS Increases(More)
Serotonin 5-HT4 receptors are present in human atrial myocytes and have been proposed to contribute to the generation of atrial fibrillation. However, 5-HT4 receptors have so far been only found in human and pig atria and are absent from the heart of small laboratory animals, such as rat, guinea pig, rabbit and frog, which limits the experimental settings(More)
β-Adrenergic receptors (β-ARs) enhance cardiac contractility by increasing cAMP levels and activating PKA. PKA increases Ca²⁺-induced Ca²⁺ release via phosphorylation of L-type Ca²⁺ channels (LTCCs) and ryanodine receptor 2. Multiple cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) regulate local cAMP concentration in cardiomyocytes, with PDE4 being predominant(More)