Lilian T L Sie

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In the early 1980s, diagnosing periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in neonates by using cranial sonography was possible for the first time. Our purpose was to investigate the possibility of diagnosing PVL in the acute stage by using MR imaging. We evaluated early MR features of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonates with(More)
The relationship between MR patterns of brain damage and type or timing of perinatal hypoxia-ischemia was studied. MR images of 104 children with evidence of bilateral posthypoxic-ischemic brain damage and neonatal records were reviewed. Three different MR patterns were found. Periventricular leukomalacia occurred in 73 children, in 82% after a history of(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze clinical features of peritoneal sclerosis (PS) in a group of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and to compare potential risk factors and peritoneal transport characteristics with a control group matched for duration of PD. DESIGN Study 1: Retrospective study of 16 PD patients with PS. Study 2: Case-control study comparing 10 patients(More)
UNLABELLED In this study we investigated the diagnostic value of quantitative skeletal muscle ultrasonography in 150 consecutively referred children with symptoms suspect for a neuromuscular disorder. Muscle thickness and quantitatively determined echo intensity of four muscles and the distribution of these variables within the body were examined. RESULTS(More)
Dysphagia is reported in advanced stages of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The population of DMD is changing due to an increasing survival. We aimed to describe the dysphagia in consecutive stages and to assess the underlying mechanisms of dysphagia in DMD, in order to develop mechanism based recommendations for safe swallowing. In this cross-sectional(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) type II, feeding problems and dysphagia are common, but the underlying mechanisms of these problems are not well defined. This case control study was designed to determine the underlying mechanisms of dysphagia in SMA type II. METHODS Six children with SMA type II and 6 healthy matched controls(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to correlate hypoxic-ischemic white matter damage on neonatal MRI with MRI appearance and neurological outcome at the age of 1 1/2 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS A sequential cohort of infants with periventricular densities on neonatal ultrasound was studied with neonatal MRI. Images of 46 infants with a mean gestational age(More)
Secondary parkinsonism is uncommon in children and exceedingly rare after cranial radiotherapy. This report describes a 14-year-old female who presented with growth retardation as a result of a craniopharyngioma, which was partially resected. A secondary hydrocephalus responded well to shunting. She gradually developed a severe hypokinetic-rigid syndrome 6(More)
A study was performed in 48 neurologically normal preterm and term-born infants, with a postconceptional age at MRI varying between 30 2/7 and 46 weeks and a mean age of 34 2/7 weeks. The purpose of the study was to determine the normal progress of myelination on MRI in that age range. T1- and T2-weighted images of the brain were assessed for changes in(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether EEG (i.e. positive Rolandic sharp waves) can be used to predict neurodevelopment in newborn infants with periventricular leukomalacia and compare the predictive value with that of MRI. A sequential cohort of neonates (n=45; 33 males, 12 females; mean gestational age 31.2 weeks, SD 2.7, range 27 to 37.8 weeks;(More)