Lilian M. Johnstone

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The cardiac abnormalities that complicate chronic renal failure and renal replacement therapy are not well characterized in young people. These abnormalities are becoming more important because successful renal transplantation has resulted in children with end-stage renal failure living longer. Echocardiographic abnormalities of cardiac function and(More)
The most common cause of end-stage renal disease in children can be attributed to congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT). Despite this high incidence of disease, the genetic mutations responsible for the majority of CAKUT cases remain unknown. To identify novel genomic regions associated with CAKUT, we screened 178 children presenting(More)
Thirty-four children (≤15 years of age) with end-stage renal failure received 39 renal allografts between 1985 and 1991 and were treated with cyclosporin A (CyA), azathioprine and low-dose prednisolone (PNL). We aimed to withdraw PNL by 6 months after transplantation. Median duration of follow-up was 2 years 4 months (range 0.1 month to 6 years, 4 months).(More)
A male infant is described who had polyuria over the 4 months of his life with urine volumes exceeding 1,000 ml/kg per day, severe serum electrolyte losses, metabolic alkalosis and increased plasma renin activity (56 ng/ml per hour). He had a normal blood pressure and glomerular filtration rate when fluid replete. The urine flow rate was about 25% of the(More)
Urological investigation in children frequently involves high radiation doses; however, the issue of radiation for these investigations receives little attention compared with CT. To compare the radiation dose from paediatric urological investigations with CT, which is commonly regarded as the more major source of radiation exposure. We conducted a(More)
NODAT is increasingly prevalent. Compared with adult recipients, NODAT is less prevalent in pediatric renal transplant recipients; however, some risk factors for its development in young patients have been defined. We report four pediatric renal transplant recipients with ARPKD who developed NODAT. We review the current pediatric NODAT literature and(More)
Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP) has been found in the renal interstitium in patients with obstructive uropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether serum concentrations of THP could serve as a screening test for urinary tract obstruction. The presence of THP in normal human serum was confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel(More)
DD kidney allocation protocols may influence timing of transplantation and graft quality for pediatric recipients. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of these protocols, including pediatric priority, on waiting time on dialysis, transplant type, donor age, and HLA matching according to state of transplant in Australia. De-identified information on(More)
A 14-year-old boy with known stable cystinosis, treated with cysteamine since infancy, presented with a deterioration of renal function with haematuria in conjunction with a nodular rash, arthralgia, leucopenia, hypocomplementaemia and raised antinuclear antibodies. He was diagnosed with spontaneous onset of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and his renal(More)
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