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Psychopathy is a personality disorder consisting of dysfunctional affective interpersonal features (Factor 1) and impulsive-antisocial behavior (Factor 2) that exhibit differential associations with palmar skin conductance (SC) reactivity. The goal of this study was to determine whether the distinct SC reactivity observed in incarcerated psychopaths(More)
The characteristics of stimuli that elicit skin conductance responses (SCRs) have been conceptualized in varied ways, with strong emphasis on the significance or arousing quality of stimuli. Our goal was to determine whether "significance" can be shown to have an effect on SCRs independent of "arousal," using words as stimuli. Ratings of words indicated(More)
BACKGROUND Migraine is a common and disabling disorder that is highly comorbid with depression. The comorbidity of depression and migraine is a major health concern as it results in poorer prognosis and quality of life. Yet, effective treatments have rarely been investigated. METHOD 45 patients with comorbid migraine and depression were assigned to a(More)
The broad personality trait of disinhibition reflects the tendency to behave in an underconstrained versus overconstrained manner and is associated with externalizing psychopathology and risk-taking behaviors. This article describes the development and initial validation of the Disinhibition Inventory (DIS-I), a multifaceted measure of disinhibition that(More)
OBJECTIVE Earlier analyses have shown that, among currently well individuals with no history of panic attacks, a family history of panic disorder is associated with a greater likelihood of panic symptoms after exposure to 35% CO2 and of ventilatory-response abnormalities during inhalation of 5% CO2. An association of those features with a subsequent onset(More)
Chronic medical illnesses often require a high level of self-management, which can be challenging, particularly over extended periods. The challenge is accentuated by comorbid depression or anxiety, which interfere with motivation and drive. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is an empirically based behavioral intervention aimed at helping individuals(More)
OBJECTIVE The Blue Button feature of online patient portals promotes patient engagement by allowing patients to easily download their personal health information. This study examines the adoption and use of the Blue Button feature in the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) personal health record portal, My HealtheVet. MATERIALS AND METHODS An online(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a 1-day behavioral intervention, aimed at enhancing psychological flexibility, improves headache outcomes of migraine patients with comorbid depression. BACKGROUND Migraine is often comorbid with depression, with each disorder increasing the risk for onset and exacerbation of the other. Managing psychological triggers, such(More)
BACKGROUND Migraine is a complex neurological disorder that substantially impairs a person's functioning and is often comorbid with depression. Currently, little is known about psychological coping strategies that may underlie disability and depression in patients with migraine. PURPOSE This study examines concurrent relations between depression and(More)