Liliam Fernandes de Oliveira

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BACKGROUND This paper describes the "EMG Driven Force Estimator (EMGD-FE)", a Matlab® graphical user interface (GUI) application that estimates skeletal muscle forces from electromyography (EMG) signals. Muscle forces are obtained by numerically integrating a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) that simulates Hill-type muscle dynamics and that(More)
This paper uses a EMG-driven Hill-type muscle model to estimate individual muscle forces of the triceps surae in isometric plantar flexion contractions. A uniform group of 20 young physical-active adult males was instructed to follow a specific contraction protocol with low (20%MVC) and medium-high (60%MVC) contractions, separated by relaxing intervals. The(More)
This work aims at testing the influence of peripheral and central fatigue, after maximal oxygen uptake test (Test1) and prolonged (Test2) cycle ergometer exercises, respectively, on sway density curve (SDC) parameters of postural control. Sixteen healthy male subjects were submitted to stabilometric tests, before and after the exercises. The Test1 was(More)
EMG-driven models can be used to estimate muscle force in biomechanical systems. Collected and processed EMG readings are used as the input of a dynamic system, which is integrated numerically. This approach requires the definition of a reasonably large set of parameters. Some of these vary widely among subjects, and slight inaccuracies in such parameters(More)
Age-related changes in postural control during quiet standing likely result from underlying pathological conditions or from the low specificity of classical stabilometric parameters, which are vulnerable to base of support configurations and anthropometric differences. This study focuses on the identification of changes in postural control with natural(More)
EMG is a useful tool for quantifying muscle forces and studying motor control strategies. However, the relationship between EMG and muscle force is not trivial, and depends in part on muscle dynamics. This work has the following objectives: the first, to find muscle excitations and partial joint torque contribution patterns in isometric plantar flexions,(More)
The skeletal muscle system can adapt to an external stimulus from either physiological or pathological conditions. This plasticity is measured by imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging or ultrasound. The anatomical cross-sectional area of a muscle is one of the muscle architecture parameters that relates to the maximum muscle strength. The(More)
This work describes the use of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) to follow up the degeneration-regeneration process after a laceration injury induced in the lateral gastrocnemius (LG) and soleus (SOL) muscles of rats. UBM (40 MHz) images were acquired and used for biomechanical characterization of muscular tissue, specifically using pennation angle (PA) and(More)
The occurrence of fatigue in triceps surae (TS) muscles during sustained plantar flexion contraction is investigated by means of the RMS electromyogram (EMG) and the instantaneous median frequency (IMF) of the short time Fourier transform (STFT). Six male subjects realized a 40% maximal plantar flexion isometric voluntary contraction until fatigue in two(More)
A methodology is proposed for estimating Achilles tendon tangent modulus in vivo, to account for its large deformations and non-linear behavior. True stress is found dividing the axial force by the tendon true cross-sectional area (CSA), whose shrinking caused by axial tension is estimated with Poisson׳s coefficient. The true strain is calculated as the(More)