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Drug-induced liver injury is a major issue of concern and has led to the withdrawal of a significant number of marketed drugs. An understanding of structure-activity relationships (SARs) of chemicals can make a significant contribution to the identification of potential toxic effects early in the drug development process and aid in avoiding such problems.(More)
Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is characterised by accumulation of extracellular deposits of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) in the brain, has recently been linked to vascular disorders such as ischemia and stroke. Abeta is constantly produced in the brain from amyloid precursor protein (APP) through its cleavage by beta- and gamma-secretases(More)
The steady state concentration of the Alzheimer's amyloid-beta peptide in the brain represents a balance between its biosynthesis from the transmembrane amyloid precursor protein (APP), its oligomerisation into neurotoxic and stable species and its degradation by a variety of amyloid-degrading enzymes, principally metallopeptidases. These include, among(More)
Hepatotoxicity is a major cause of pharmaceutical drug attrition and is also a concern within other chemical industries. In silico approaches to the prediction of hepatotoxicity are an important tool in the early identification of adverse effects in the liver associated with exposure to a chemical. Here, we describe work in progress to develop an expert(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is linked to certain common brain pathologies (e.g., ischemia, stroke, and trauma) believed to facilitate its development and progression. One of the logical approaches to this problem is to study the effects of ischemia and hypoxia on the metabolism of amyloid precursor protein, which plays one of the key roles in the pathogenesis(More)
The levels of amyloid beta-peptides (Abeta) in the brain represent a dynamic equilibrium state as a result of their biosynthesis from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta- and gamma-secretases, their degradation by a team of amyloid-degrading enzymes, their subsequent oligomerization, and deposition into senile plaques. While most therapeutic(More)
In recent years endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE-1) has been suggested to play an important role in amyloid-beta peptide metabolism as one of the amyloid-degrading enzymes. In this connection, the analysis of the levels of expression and distribution of ECE-1 in the brain under normal and pathologic conditions could be important in neurodegeneration and(More)
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