Lilia M Babé

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Retroviral proteases are obligate homodimers and play an essential role in the viral life cycle. Dissociation of dimers or prevention of their assembly may inactivate these enzymes and prevent viral maturation. A salient structural feature of these enzymes is an extended interface composed of interdigitating N- and C-terminal residues of both monomers,(More)
Protein sequences from multiple hepatitis B virus (HBV) isolates were analyzed for the presence of amino acid motifs characteristic of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) and helper T-lymphocyte (HTL) epitopes with the goal of identifying conserved epitopes suitable for use in a therapeutic vaccine. Specifically, sequences bearing HLA-A1, -A2, -A3, -A24, -B7, and(More)
The Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis produces numerous proteases that are secreted to the extracellular milieu, and as strains are generated which lack the more prominent proteases, minor ones become detectable. We have isolated a 52-kDa secreted protease from the protease-deficient strain WB600. It is encoded by the wprA gene which encompasses a(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease is the enzyme required for processing of the Gag and Gag-Pol polyproteins to yield mature, infectious virions. Although the complete absence of proteolytic activity prevents maturation, the level of activity sufficient for maturation and subsequent infectivity has not been determined. Amino acid(More)
Thirteen monoclonal antibodies which react with the major capsid protein (VP1) of simian virus 40 (SV40) have been isolated. Of these, five neutralized viral infectivity when added in sufficient concentration. Seven of the antibodies reacted with denatured VP1 and also recognized fragments generated by protease or cyanogen bromide cleavage. The region of(More)
CC49 is a clinically validated antibody with specificity for TAG-72, a carbohydrate epitope that is overexpressed and exposed on the cell surface in a large fraction of solid malignancies. We constructed a single-chain fragment (scFv) based on CC49 and fused it to beta-lactamase (BLA). Following optimization of the scFv domain by combinatorial consensus(More)
in the design of antiviral agents. This focus has resulted in a wealth of new information on the structure and function of these enzymes. Several viral proteases will be described here that exemplify the diversity of structures and biological func-Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, and tions displayed by these enzymes (Table 1). Viral and Biochemistry and(More)
By using a structure-based computer-assisted search, we have found a butyrophenone derivative that is a selective inhibitor of the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) protease. The computer program creates a negative image of the active site cavity using the crystal structure of the HIV-1 protease. This image was compared for steric complementarity with(More)
A synthetic DNA fragment encoding a protease precursor of the human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV2) was cloned and expressed in bacteria and yeast. A recombinant plasmid encoding a hybrid polypeptide consisting of human superoxide dismutase and an HIV2 protease precursor of 113 amino acids was constructed for regulated intracellular expression in(More)
Production of infectious human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) requires proper polyprotein processing by the dimeric viral protease. The trans-dominant inhibitory activity of a defective protease monomer with the active site Asp-25 changed to Asn was measured by transient transfection. A proviral plasmid that included the drug-selectable Escherichia coli gpt(More)