Lilia E. Ziganshina

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1. Under voltage-clamp conditions, the activity of agonists and antagonists at a recombinant P2X2 receptor expressed in Xenopus oocytes was examined at different levels of extracellular pH (pHe). 2. In normal Ringer (Mg2+ ions absent), the amplitude of submaximal inward currents to ATP was increased by progressively lowering pHe (8.0-5.5). ATP-responses(More)
A full pharmacological characterization was carried out on a recombinant ATP-gated ion channel (P2X2 purinoceptor) expressed in Xenopus oocytes. This slowly-desensitizing neuronal P2X2 purinoceptor, activated by ATP (EC50 = 4.6 +/- 1 microM at pH 7.4; n = 4), showed the agonist potency order: ATP > or = 2-MeSATP = ATP gamma S > or = ATP alpha S > > Bz-ATP.(More)
Ecto-ATPase activity of Xenopus oocytes was studied by measuring the production of inorganic phosphate (Pi) from the breakdown of extracellular ATP. Enzyme activity involved Ca2+/Mg2+-dependent and Ca2+/Mg2+-independent dephosphorylation of ATP. Ca2+/Mg2+-dependent ecto-ATPase was active over a limited range of 0.01–1.0 mM ATP, while Ca2+/Mg2+-independent(More)
BACKGROUND Fluoroquinolones are sometimes used to treat multiple-drug-resistant and drug-sensitive tuberculosis. The effects of fluoroquinolones in tuberculosis regimens need to be assessed. OBJECTIVES To assess fluoroquinolones as additional or substitute components to antituberculous drug regimens for drug-sensitive and drug-resistant tuberculosis. (More)
Ecto-nucleotidase activity was studied on primary cultures of guinea-pig vas deferens smooth muscle cells by measuring the inorganic phosphate (Pi) production using ATP as a substrate. The ecto-nucleotidase was insensitive to ouabain, oligomycin, sodium azide, p-nitrophenyl phosphate and B-glycerophosphate. Enzyme activity was highly dependent on either(More)
The contractile responses of isolated Rana ridibunda frog sartorius muscle contractions evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS) were studied at three temperature conditions of 17, 22 and 27 degrees C. Temperature-dependent increase of muscle contractility was found. ATP (10-100 microM) concentration dependently inhibited the electrical field(More)
1. In the guinea-pig urinary bladder and vas deferens, several alpha,beta-unsaturated sulphones and phosphonium salts that were tested inhibited ecto-ATPase activity. The sulphones were more active in the bladder but the phosphonium salts were more effective in the vas deferens. 2. These compounds either potentiated or inhibited purinergic contractile(More)
Academic medicine, along with professionalism of the medical community in Russia underwent a remarkable evolution from the Revolution through the decline of the Soviet Union. The Soviet period brought about an enormous expansion of numbers of admissions to medical schools and a corresponding increase in the number of new physicians. Academic medical(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of a number of P2-purinoceptor antagonists on degradation of adenine nucleotides by Xenopus laevis oocyte ecto-nucleotidase. Folliculated oocytes readily metabolize all three naturally-occurring nucleotides, the order of preferential substrates being ATP >ADP > AMP. The degradation of ATP and ADP was(More)
1. Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), an inhibitor of sarcoplasmic ATPase, was tested on guinea-pig urinary bladder and vas deferens for its ability: (1) to modify contractile responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS), exogenous ATP, alpha,beta-methylene ATP (alpha,beta-MeATP), carbachol, noradrenaline (NA), histamine, and KCl; (2) to affect ecto-ATPase(More)