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Streptococcus iniae (S. iniae) is a major pathogen that causes considerable morbidity and mortality in cultured fish worldwide. The pathogen's ability to adapt to the host affects the extent of infection, hence understanding the mechanisms by which S. iniae overcomes physiological stresses during infection will help to identify potential virulence(More)
Streptococcus iniae is a major bacterium that causes invasive disease in cultured fish worldwide. The protection relies mainly on anti-microbial compounds and vaccines, and there is much interest in developing S. iniae vaccine based on conserved protein immunogens. Subcellular localization of protein has important influence on its immunogenicity. The(More)
In this work, the mechanism of cell bleb formation upon the addition of cryoprotectants (CPAs) was investigated, and the role of cell blebs in protecting cells was determined. The results show that after adding CPAs, the hyperosmotic stress results in the breakage of the cortical cytoskeleton and the detachment of the cell membrane from the cortical(More)
As noninvasive and easily available biological fluid, urine is becoming an ideal sample for proteomic study. In recent years, researchers endeavored in profiling urinary proteome and discovering potential disease biomarkers. However, there are still many challenges in the studies of urinary proteome for the complexity of urine. In this article, we review(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether atrial overexpression of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) by homogeneous transmural atrial gene transfer can reverse atrial remodeling and its mechanisms in a canine atrial-pacing model. Twenty-eight mongrel dogs were randomly divided into four groups: Sham-operated, AF-control, gene therapy with(More)
Laser microdissection followed by mass spectrometry has been successfully used for amyloid typing. However, sample contamination can interfere with proteomic analysis, and overnight digestion limits the analytical throughput. Moreover, current quantitative analysis methods are based on the spectrum count, which ignores differences in protein length and may(More)
Myostatin is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass. The present study cloned the 5′ regulatory region of porcine myostatin gene, screened its polymorphisms and analyzed their associations with early growth traits in Yorkshire pigs. The results indicated that a fragment length polymorphism and a polymorphism concerning two nucleotide changes exist in(More)
Topical application of siRNAs through the skin is a potentially effective strategy for the treatment of melanoma tumors. In this study, we designed a new and safe fusion peptide carrier SPACE-EGF to improve the skin and cell penetration function of the siRNAs and their targeting ability to B16 cells, such that the apoptosis of B16 cells can be induced. The(More)
UNLABELLED Knowledge about the normal human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteome serves as a baseline reference for CSF biomarker discovery and provides insight into CSF physiology. In this study, high-pH reverse-phase liquid chromatography (hp-RPLC) was first integrated with a TripleTOF 5600 mass spectrometer to comprehensively profile the normal CSF(More)
Transdermal delivery of drugs, a compelling route of systemic drug delivery, provides painless, reliable, targeted, efficient and cost effective therapeutic regimen for patients. However, its use is limited by skin barrier especially the stratum corneum barrier. Moreover, transdermal delivery of macromolecules remains a challenge. Naturally, varieties of(More)