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RNA interference (RNAi) has recently emerged as a specific and efficient method to silence gene expression in mammalian cells either by transfection of short interfering RNAs (siRNAs; ref. 1) or, more recently, by transcription of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) from expression vectors and retroviruses. But the resistance of important cell types to transduction(More)
Excessive or inappropriate activation of the immune system can be deleterious to the organism, warranting multiple molecular mechanisms to control and properly terminate immune responses. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), ∼22-nt-long noncoding RNAs, have recently emerged as key posttranscriptional regulators, controlling diverse biological processes, including responses(More)
miR-182 is one of the most significantly up-regulated miRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Metastasis suppressor 1 (MTSS1), one target gene of miR-182, plays an important role in the metastasis of cancers. However, it remains unclear what role does function and mechanism of miR-182 and MTSS1play in HCC. miR-182 expression was tested in 86 cases of(More)
Powdery mildew is a severe foliar disease for wheat and could cause great yield loss in epidemic years. To explore new powdery mildew resistance genes, two einkorn accessions including TA2033 and M80, both resistant to this disease, were studied for the inheritance of resistance. Each accession possessed a single but different dominant resistance gene that(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The cervical disc arthroplasty has emerged as a promising alternative to the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in patients with radiculopathy or myelopathy with disc degeneration disease. The advantages of this technique have been reported to preserve the cervical mobility and possibly reduce the adjacent segment(More)
STUDY DESIGN Original article. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to analyze the primary efficacy and safety of a new zero-profile implant named Zero-P in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in Chinese population. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA ACDF has become the preferred treatment for single-level or multilevel cervical degenerative disk(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and radiological changes of 3- and 4-level anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion with stand-alone anchored spacers and with traditional anterior plates. A total of 51 consecutive patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy who underwent 3- or 4-level anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion(More)
Triticum monococcum accession TA2026 showed resistance to wheat powdery mildew. To identify the resistance gene and transfer it to common wheat, genetic analysis and molecular mapping were conducted using an F2 population and derived F3 families from the cross of TA2026xM389. The results indicated that TA2026 possessed a recessive powdery mildew resistance(More)
BACKGROUND C5 palsy is a serious but poorly understood complication after posterior cervical decompression that could lead to muscle weakness, brachialgia and numbness of the upper limbs. The incidence of C5 palsy varies greatly between studies. The risk factors are inconclusive and even conflicting. OBJECT To perform a systematic review on the incidence(More)
A benign fibrous histiocytoma with primary site of origin in the parietal bone has not yet been reported in the literature. We report here a case concerning a 12-year-old girl with a 14-month history of an enlarging parietal bone mass. The tumor was excised after removal of the cortical bone and resection of the tumor surrounding the cortical bone erosion(More)