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MicroRNAs (miRNA) represent a novel class of genes that function as negative regulators of gene expression. Recently, miRNAs have been implicated in several cancers. However, aberrant miRNA expression and its clinicopathologic significance in human ovarian cancer have not been well documented. Here, we show that several miRNAs are altered in human ovarian(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling facilitates metastasis in advanced malignancy. While a number of protein-encoding genes are known to be involved in this process, information on the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in TGF-beta-induced cell migration and invasion is still limited. By hybridizing a 515-miRNA oligonucleotide-based microarray(More)
A search for regulators of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) expression has yielded a set of microRNAs (miRNAs) for which expression is specifically elevated in ERalpha-negative breast cancer. Here we show distinct expression of a panel of miRNAs between ERalpha-positive and ERalpha-negative breast cancer cell lines and primary tumors. Of the elevated(More)
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women. Despite improvement in treatment over the past few decades, there is an urgent need for development of targeted therapies. miR-155 (microRNA-155) is frequently up-regulated in breast cancer. In this study, we demonstrate the critical role of miR-155 in regulation of cell survival and(More)
Heterosexual transmission is the primary route by which women acquire human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS. Thus, development of woman-controlled topical microbicides for prevention of sexual transmission of HIV is urgently needed. Here we report that 3-hydroxyphthalic anhydride-modified chicken ovalbumin (HP-OVA) exhibits potent antiviral activity(More)
BACKGROUND In 2008, a devastating earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale struck Wenchuan, China. Following this disaster, several studies were conducted which assessed the degree of mental disorders in the affected population, but very few considered that several disorders may occur at the same time. This paper aims to investigate the psychological(More)
AKT (also known as PKB) plays a central role in a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, motility and survival in both normal and tumor cells. The AKT pathway is also instrumental in epithelial mesenchymal transitions (EMT) and angiogenesis during tumorigenesis. AKT functions as a cardinal nodal point for transducing extracellular (growth(More)
During the past decade, Akt (also known as protein kinase B, PKB) has been extensively studied. It regulates a variety of cellular processes by mediating extracellular (mitogenic growth factor, insulin and stress) and intracellular (altered tyrosine receptor kinases, Ras and Src) signals. Activation of Akt by these signals is via its pleckstrin homology(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small RNAs ( approximately 22-nt) that play an important role in the control of different cell processes by negative regulation of protein-coding genes. In the last several years, a number of miRNA profiling strategies have been used to document the miRNA expression changes during physiological and pathological processes.(More)
Aurora-A is frequently altered in epithelial malignancies. Overexpressing Aurora-A induces centrosome amplification and G2/M cell cycle progression. We have previously shown elevated level of Aurora-A in ovarian cancer and activation of telomerase by Aurora-A in human mammary and ovarian epithelia. Here we report that Aurora-A protects ovarian cancer cells(More)