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Although many DEAD-box RNA helicases (RHs) are targeted to chloroplasts, the functional roles of the majority of RHs are still unknown. Recently, the chloroplast-localized Arabidopsis thaliana AtRH3 has been demonstrated to play important roles in intron splicing, ribosome biogenesis, and seedling growth. To further understand the functional role of AtRH3(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) enteritis is rare but can be fatal unless it is detected at an early stage and treated effectively. Dysbiosis of the gut is one of the leading reasons of MRSA enteritis. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a burgeoning treatment to rectify this imbalance. But the impact of FMT on(More)
The human DEAD box protein 3 (DDX3) has been implicated in different processes contributing to gene expression. Interestingly, DDX3 is required as an essential host factor for the replication of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) and is therefore considered a potential drug target. On the other hand, DDX3 interacts with IκB kinase ε (IKKε) and TANK-binding(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to examine the protective effect of berberine in endotoxin-induced intestinal tight-junction injury in a mice model of endotoxinemia. METHODS Endotoxinemia was induced by intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (10 mg/kg). Mice were randomized to 5 groups: control mice, berberine-treated mice, lipopolysaccharide(More)
Maintenance of the mucosal barrier is a critical function of intestinal epithelial tight junction. Berberine is one of the main constituents of Coptidis rhizoma, which has been used for patients with gastrointestinal disorders for a long time. This study aimed to determine whether berberine could alleviate pro-inflammatory cytokine-induced intestinal(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in assessing active Crohn's disease (CD) in adults. METHODS We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library for prospective studies in which ultrasound was performed to evaluate active CD in adults from January 1993 to April 2013. Pooled sensitivity,(More)
To identify genes expression in Chenopodium album exposed to NaCl stress and screen ESTs related to salt stress, a subtractive suppression hybridization (SSH) library of C. album under salt stress was constructed in the present study. Random EST sequencing produced 825 high-quality ESTs with GenBank ID GE746311-GE747007, which had 301 bp of average size and(More)
BACKGROUND Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (TwHF) has been used for many years to induce the remission of Crohn's disease in China. AIMS To compare TwHF versus azathioprine for the prevention of postoperative recurrence in Crohn's disease. METHODS 90 Crohn's disease patients who had undergone resection were treated with TwHF 1.5mg/kg/day or azathioprine(More)
BACKGROUND Adult stem cells are promising novel therapies in regenerative medicine. We investigated effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on intestinal mucosal permeability impaired by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). METHODS We used a common I/R model in rats to induce intestinal injury by clamping and unclamping the superior mesenteric(More)
Approximately 50 % of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) suffer from anaemia, with Fe deficiency being the most common cause. CD52 monoclonal antibody (mAb) targets the cell surface CD52 and is effective in depleting lymphocytes through cytolytic effects in vivo. The aim of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of(More)