Lila Mina Harada

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Reduced estrogen levels result in loss of protection from coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women. Enhanced and diminished atherosclerosis have been associated with plasma levels of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP); however, little is known about the role of CETP-ovarian hormone interactions in atherogenesis. We assessed the severity of(More)
Thyroid dysfunction produces multiple alterations in plasma lipoprotein levels, including high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and hepatic lipase (HL) are important proteins that modulate the metabolism of HDL. Thus, the effect of thyroid hormone on the activities of CETP and of HL was investigated using hypothyroid and(More)
1. The hepatic mechanisms involved in the simultaneous regulation of plasma cholesterol concentration and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) activity were investigated by sharply modifying the hepatic rates of cholesterol synthesis. This was accomplished by cholestyramine, lovastatin and cholesterol feeding in human CETP transgenic mice cross-bred(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify in young adults the sex-dependent differences in lipemic responses to a fat meal, we measured the association of these responses with markers of atherosclerosis and determined their metabolic regulators. METHODS Forty-nine normolipidemic volunteers, 25 women and 24 men, were matched according to age, body mass index, waist(More)
We investigated 95 Brazilian adults, aged 21-79 years, who were divided into two groups defined as having high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol concentrations above [hyperalphalipoproteinaemia (HALP); n=48] or below (controls; n=47) the 90th percentile of a local population. The activities of lipid transfer proteins and enzymes involved in the plasma(More)
Chylomicrons play a role in atherosclerosis, however, because the mechanisms involved in the cell uptake of these particles are not fully understood, investigations were carried out using a radioactively labeled protein-free triacylglycerol-rich emulsion incubated with peritoneal macrophages obtained from normal and apoE-knockout mice. Experiments were done(More)
Studies in humans have indicated that dietary salt restriction raises plasma levels of total cholesterol (TC) and triacylglycerols (TAG). In order to explain the mechanisms involved, a rat experimental model was developed consisting of chronic feeding ad libitum isocaloric diets with variable sodium chloride contents. Rates of synthesis of plasma TAG were(More)
The aim of this work was to study how CETP expression affects whole body cholesterol homeostasis. Thus, tissue uptake and plasma removal rates of labeled HDL-cholesteryl ester (CE), VLDL secretion rates, and biliary lipid secretion and fecal bile acid content were compared between human CETP transgenic (Tg) and non-transgenic (nTg) mice fed with a standard(More)
The possibility that soy protein containing isoflavones influences the development of experimental atherosclerosis has been investigated in ovariectomized mice heterozygous for the human CETP transgene and for the LDL-receptor null allele (LDLr+/− CETP+/−). After ovariectomy at 8 wk of age they were fed a fat/cholesterol-rich diet for 19 wk and divided into(More)