Likun Zhang

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BACKGROUND The Virtual Basic Laparoscopic Skill Trainer (VBLaST) is a developing virtual-reality-based surgical skill training system that incorporates several of the tasks of the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) training system. This study aimed to evaluate the face and construct validity of the VBLaST system. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-nine(More)
During laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon's hand-eye coordination is often disrupted by the incongruent mapping between the orientation of the endoscopic view and the actual operative field. Two experiments were conducted to examine the effect of automatic image realignment on the performance of laparoscopic surgery. The first experiment investigated how(More)
Surgical technique evolved from traditional open surgery to laparoscopic surgery, offering patients reduced pain and quick recovery. Recently, a new approach called natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has emerged. In NOTES, procedures may be transvaginal, transgastric, or transrectal or transesophageal. NOTES procedures present new(More)
BACKGROUND Mastering laparoscopic surgical skills requires considerable time and effort. The Virtual Basic Laparoscopic Skill Trainer (VBLaST-PT(©)) is being developed as a computerized version of the peg transfer task of the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) system using virtual reality technology. We assessed the learning curve of trainees on the(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on a virtual reality simulator have demonstrated that sleep-deprived residents make more errors. Work-hour restrictions were implemented, among other reasons, to ensure enough sleep time for residents. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of sleep time, perceived fatigue, and experience on surgical performance. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of different analgesia methods after UPPP. METHOD Ninety cases of patients uvulopalatopharyngoplasty were divided into 3 groups randomly, and 30 cases in each group. The group A was the blank control group without any analgesia measures. The cases in group B were treated with intramuscular injection of parecoxib sodium 40(More)
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