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Anoxygenic phototrophic Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria (photoferrotrophs) are suggested to have contributed to the deposition of banded iron formations (BIFs) from oxygen-poor seawater. However, most studies evaluating the contribution of photoferrotrophs to Precambrian Fe(II) oxidation have used freshwater and not marine strains. Therefore, we investigated the(More)
Biofilms, organic matter, iron/aluminum oxides, and clay minerals bind toxic heavy metal ions and control their fate and bioavailability in the environment. The spatial relationship of metal ions to biomacromolecules such as extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in biofilms with microbial cells and biogenic minerals is complex and occurs at the micro-(More)
A novel rhodamine based probe with a unique six-membered spirocycle was rationally designed for detection of Hg(2+) with greatly improved selectivity, sensitivity, and photostability. The probe has been shown to be suitable for Hg(2+) imaging in living cells and mapping Hg(2+) distribution in living cell-EPS-mineral aggregates under anoxic conditions.
A novel, solvent-dependent "off-on" probe with benzoylthiourea moiety as the functional receptor and fluorescein as the fluorophore was designed for monitoring of Ag(+) in EtOH-H2O (2:8, v/v) solution and Zn(2+) in CH3CN-H2O (2:8, v/v) solution at physiological range with sufficient selectivity and sensitivity. The Ag(+) promoted desulfurization of(More)
Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria form biogenic cell-mineral aggregates (CMAs) composed of microbial cells, extracellular organic compounds, and ferric iron minerals. CMAs are capable of immobilizing large quantities of heavy metals, such as nickel, via sorption processes. CMAs play an important role for the fate of heavy metals in the environment, particularly in(More)
Citation: Swanner ED, Wu W, Hao L, Wüstner ML, Obst M, Moran DM, McIlvin MR, Saito MA and Kappler A (2015) Physiology, Fe(II) oxidation, and Fe mineral formation by a marine planktonic cyanobacterium grown under ferruginous conditions. Front. Earth Sci. 3:60. doi: 10.3389/feart.2015.00060 Physiology, Fe(II) oxidation, and Fe mineral formation by a marine(More)
A broad-spectrum fluorescent probe, which can be applied to monitoring H2S in various biological systems, has been rationally designed and synthesized. This specific probe was applied to localize the endogenous H2S in living Raw264.7 macrophage cells, HepG2 cells, and H9C2 cells. At the same time, the probe has successfully visualized CBS- and CSE-induced(More)
An efficient genetic system for introducing genes into biomining microorganisms is essential not only to experimentally determine the functions of genes predicted based on bioinformatic analysis, but also for their genetic breeding. In this study, a small broad-host-range vector named pBBR1MCS-2, which does not belong to the IncQ, IncW, or IncP groups, was(More)
Here we present the first examples of fluorescent and colorimetric probes for microscopic TBT imaging. The fluorescent probes are highly selective and sensitive to TBT and have successfully been applied for imaging of TBT in bacterial Rhodobacter ferrooxidans sp. strain SW2 cell-EPS-mineral aggregates and in cell suspensions of the marine cyanobacterium(More)
Chemical nano-tomography of microbial cells in their natural, hydrated state provides direct evidence of metabolic and chemical processes. Cells of the nitrate-reducing Acidovorax sp. strain BoFeN1 were cultured in the presence of ferrous iron. Bacterial reduction of nitrate causes precipitation of Fe(III)-(oxyhydr)oxides in the periplasm and in direct(More)