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Excessive oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathology and complications of diabetes, which leads to myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury. The present study was designed to examine whether resveratrol (trans-3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene), a polyphenolic compound present in red wine has a direct cardioprotective effect on diabetic myocardium.(More)
Confocal imaging and time-lapsed videomicroscopy were used to study the directionality, motility, rate of cell movement, and morphologies of phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma (PI3K)gamma(-/-) neutrophils undergoing chemotaxis in Zigmond chambers containing N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe gradients. Most of the PI3Kgamma(-/-) neutrophils failed to translocate up the(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) enhance myocardial injury, but brief periods of myocardial ischemia followed by reperfusion [ischemic preconditioning (IP)] induce cardioprotection. Ischemia is reported to stimulate glucose uptake through the translocation of GLUT-4 from the intracellular vesicles to the sarcolemma.(More)
Transcriptome-wide maps of RNA binding protein (RBP)-RNA interactions by immunoprecipitation (IP)-based methods such as RNA IP (RIP) and crosslinking and IP (CLIP) are key starting points for evaluating the molecular roles of the thousands of human RBPs. A significant bottleneck to the application of these methods in diverse cell lines, tissues, and(More)
Homeostasis of blood glucose by insulin involves stimulation of glucose uptake by translocation of glucose transporter Glut-4 from intracellular pool to the caveolar membrane system. In this study we examined resveratrol (RSV)-mediated Glut-4 translocation in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic myocardium. The rats were randomized into three groups:(More)
This study addresses an important clinical issue by identifying potential candidates of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signalling through the Flk-1 receptor that trigger cardioprotective signals under ischaemic stress. Isolated working mouse hearts of both wild-type (WT) and Flk-1(+/-) were subjected to global ischaemia (I) for 30 min. followed(More)
Bromelain (Br), an extract from pineapple stem with cysteine protease activity, exerts anti-inflammatory effects in a number of inflammatory models. We have previously shown that Br treatment decreased activated CD4(+) T cells and has a therapeutic role in an ovalbumin-induced murine model of allergic airway disease. The current study was designed to(More)
In the present study, we examined a novel method of stimulating myocardial angiogenesis through ischemic preconditioning (IP) in the form of in vivo four repetitive cycles of coronary artery occlusion each followed by reperfusion. Rats divided into 4 groups: Control+Sham surgery (CS), Control+ Left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) occlusion (CMI),(More)
Hypercholesterolemia (HC) is a common health problem that significantly increases risk of cardiovascular disease. Both statin (S) and resveratrol (R) demonstrated cardioprotection through nitric oxide-dependent mechanism. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to determine whether combination therapy with statin and resveratrol is more cardioprotective(More)
In our study, resveratrol (polyphenol) has been identified as a very important stimulus/agent for the induction of new vessel growth. Occlusion of a main coronary depletes the blood supply to the myocardium and subsequently reduces cardiac function, which ultimately leads to heart failure. Progressive, chronic coronary artery occlusion has been shown to(More)