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Mucosal delivery of peptide/protein therapeutics via the oral route is a desirable strategy in human immunotherapy. A key step for enhancing the bioavailability of orally administered therapeutics is to protect them from enzymatic digestion in the gastrointestinal tract. Here, we generated transgenic rice seeds accumulating allergen-derived T cell epitopes,(More)
Rice seed has been used as a production platform for high value recombinant proteins. When mature human interleukin 7 (hIL-7) was expressed as a secretory protein in rice endosperm by ligating the N terminal glutelin signal peptide and the C terminal KDEL endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention signal to the hIL-7 cytokine to improve production yield, this(More)
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells are promising candidates for a clean and efficient energy conversion in the future, the development of carbon based inexpensive non-precious metal ORR catalyst has becoming one of the most attractive topics in fuel cell field. Herein we report a Fe-and N-doped carbon catalyst Fe-PANI/C-Mela with graphene structure and the(More)
House dust mites (HDM) are the most common source of indoor allergens and are associated with allergic diseases worldwide. To benefit allergic patients, safer and non-invasive mucosal routes of oral administration are considered to be the best alternative to conventional allergen-specific immunotherapy. In this study, transgenic rice was developed(More)
The emerging multimedia social network is a convenient platform on which multimedia content, such as e-books, digital images, audios and videos can be distributed and shared. In the open network scenario, users can randomly share or spread digital contents protected by copyright; thus, Digital Rights Management (DRM) has become a growing problem. This(More)
Transgenic photo-thermo sensitive genic male sterility Oryza sativa L. cv. "261S" plants with the anti-Waxy gene were successfully obtained using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated co-transformation method. Marker-free homozygous transgenic lines with the anti-Waxy gene were obtained. The setting seed rates of the transgenic plants via self-pollination(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and the structurally related neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), produced and/or released in the lymphoid microenvironment act primarily as macrophage- and T cell-deactivating agents. In the present study we investigate the effect of VIP and PACAP on the production of TGF-beta1 in the(More)
Autoantibodies against a panoply of self-antigens are seen in systemic lupus erythematosus, but only a few (anti-Sm/RNP, anti-Ro/La, anti-dsDNA) are common. The common lupus autoantigens are nucleic acid complexes and levels of autoantibodies can be extraordinarily high. We explore why that is the case. Lupus is associated with impaired central or(More)
The emerging Multimedia Social Network (MSN) provides much more conveniences for the transmission and sharing of multimedia digital contents. However, the scenario on the distribution and spreading of copyrighted digital contents between users at will brings about a burning problem of Digital Rights Management (DRM). In addition, the open Internet and MSN(More)