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Approximately 10% of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have familial ALS (FALS), and 20% of FALS are caused by mutations of superoxide dismutase type 1 (MTSOD1). The fact that some MTSOD1s that cause FALS have full dismutase activity (e.g. G37R) and others no dismutase activity (e.g. G85R) suggests that MTSOD1 causes FALS due to toxicity of(More)
Mutant superoxide dismutase type 1 (MTSOD1), the most common known cause of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), is believed to cause FALS as a result of a toxicity of the protein. MTSOD1s with full dismutase enzymatic activity (e.g., G37R) and without any enzymatic activity (e.g., G85R) cause FALS, demonstrating that the ability of MTSOD1 to(More)
Existing saliency detection methods are mainly formulated as computational models in a bottom-up fashion with either a local or a global view. Local methods [2, 3], which compute center-surround differences in a local context to capture the regions locally standing out from their surroundings, often lack global information and tend to highlight the(More)
—Coclustering heterogeneous data has attracted extensive attention recently due to its high impact on various important applications, such us text mining, image retrieval, and bioinformatics. However, data coclustering without any prior knowledge or background information is still a challenging problem. In this paper, we propose a Semisupervised(More)
One potential strategy for gene therapy of Parkinson's disease (PD) is the local production of dopamine (DA) in the striatum induced by restoring DA-synthesizing enzymes. In addition to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase (AADC), GTP cyclohydrolase I (GCH) is necessary for efficient DA production. Using adeno-associated virus(More)
Recent studies of the association between the metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 gene (GRM3) and schizophrenia have produced conflicting results, although GRM3 is a promising candidate gene. Fujii et al. found a single nuclear polymorphism (SNP) for within this gene, rs1468412 to have a positive association to schizophrenia in Japanese patients. To(More)
To explore the correlation between increased brain iron deposition and brain atrophy in patients with haemodialysis and their correlation with clinical biomarkers and neuropsychological test. Forty two patients with haemodialysis and forty one age- and gender-matched healthy controls were recruited in this prospective study. 3D whole brain high resolution(More)
We propose a new approach for general object tracking with fully convolutional neural network. Instead of treating convolutional neural network (CNN) as a black-box feature extractor, we conduct in-depth study on the properties of C-NN features offline pre-trained on massive image data and classification task on ImageNet. The discoveries motivate the design(More)
Mutants of superoxide dismutase type 1 (mtSOD1) that have full dismutase activity (e.g., G37R) as well as none (e.g., G85R) cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), indicating that mtSOD1-induced FALS results from a toxicity rather than loss in SOD1 enzymatic activity. Still, it has remained unclear whether mtSOD1 dismutase activity can(More)
To date, there has not been an agreement on the best methods for the characterisation of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) toxicity. The length of MWCNTs has been identified as a factor in in vitro and in vivo studies, in addition to their purity and biocompatible coating. Another unresolved issue relates to the variable toxicity of MWCNTs on different(More)