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In this study, we analyzed blood flow through a model stenosis with Reynolds numbers ranging from 300 to 3,600 using both experimental and numerical methods. The jet produced at the throat was turbulent, leading to an axisymmetric region of slowly recirculating flow. For higher Reynolds numbers, this region became more disturbed and its length was reduced.(More)
Proper formation of neuronal dendritic branching is crucial for correct brain function. The number and distribution of receptive synaptic contacts are defined by the size and shape of dendritic arbors. Our previous research found that protocadherin 11 X-linked protein (Pcdh11x) is predominantly expressed in neurons and has an influence on dendritic(More)
Protocadherin 11 X-linked (Pcdh11x) protein is a member of the cadherin superfamily with established roles in cell adhesion. Previous studies have shown the molecular biology and possible relevance of Pcdh11x with neurological disease in humans. However, little is known about the neurophysiological function of Pcdh11x in neural development. Here, we(More)
Although various ways to manipulate genes in vivo exist, in utero electroporation is a widely used technique, especially in the field of neural development due to its many advantages. In this study, we focused on direct comparison between three puncture sites during in utero electroporation on the death rate of embryos, the thickness and the area of cortex,(More)
Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling leads to increased cell proliferation and survival and promotes the development of various human tumors, including glioma, one of the most common primary brain tumors. The treatment efficacy of many anticancer drugs remains limited or unsatisfactory and it is urgently necessary to develop effective and(More)
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