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In Arabidopsis thaliana, the blue light photoreceptor cryptochromes (CRY) act to promote photomorphogenic development and the transition from vegetative to floral development in long days (LDs). We previously proposed that one of the mechanisms by which CRY regulates light responses is via its physical interaction with COP1, a RING motif-containing E3(More)
The reconstruction of the Tree of Life has relied almost entirely on concatenation methods, which do not accommodate gene tree heterogeneity, a property that simulations and theory have identified as a likely cause of incongruent phylogenies. However, this in-congruence has not yet been demonstrated in empirical studies. Several key relationships among(More)
Because beneficial effects of digitalis treatment in breast cancer patients have been suggested by epidemiological studies, we explored the mechanism of the growth inhibitory effects of these drugs on the estrogen receptor-negative human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-435 s. Ouabain concentrations (100 nM or lower) that caused less than 25% inhibition of(More)
In this study, leaf midribs, the elite explants, were used for the first time to develop an efficient regeneration and transformation protocol for ramie [Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud.] via Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. Sensitivity of leaf midribs regeneration to kanamycin was evaluated, which showed that 40 mg l−1 was the optimal concentration(More)
Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L. Gaud), commonly known as China grass, is a perennial bast fiber plant of the Urticaceae. In China, ramie farming, industry, and trade provide income for about five million people. Drought stress severely affects ramie stem growth and causes a dramatic decrease in ramie fiber production. There is a need to enhance ramie's tolerance(More)
PURPOSE The incidence of prostate cancer is frequent, occurring in almost one-third of men older than 45 years. Only a fraction of the cases reach the stages displaying clinical significance. Despite the advances in our understanding of prostate carcinogenesis and disease progression, our knowledge of this disease is still fragmented. Identification of the(More)
Here, we show that the Na/K-ATPase interacts with caveolin-1 (Cav1) and regulates Cav1 trafficking. Graded knockdown of Na/K-ATPase decreases the plasma membrane pool of Cav1, which results in a significant reduction in the number of caveolae on the cell surface. These effects are independent of the pumping function of Na/K-ATPase, and instead depend on(More)
X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare disease characterized by the hypoplasia or absence of eccrine glands, dry skin, scant hair, and dental abnormalities. Here, we report a Mongolian family with congenital absence of teeth inherited in an X-linked fashion. The affected members of the family did not show other HED characteristics,(More)
MiR-34s have been characterized as direct p53 targets, which induce apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and senescence. MiR-34s were found to associate with tumorigenesis. Thus far, there is no study on the role of MiR-34s in osteosarcoma. In the current study, we intensively investigated the function of MiR-34s in two osteosarcoma cell lines: U2OS (p53(+/+)) and(More)
Ouabain binding to Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activates Src/epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to initiate multiple signal pathways that regulate growth. In cardiac myocytes and the intact heart, the early ouabain-induced pathways that cause rapid activations of ERK1/2 also regulate intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and contractility. The goal of(More)