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Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are dominant seed cell sources for bone regeneration. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) initiate cartilage and bone formation in a sequential cascade. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an essential coordinator of extracel-lular matrix remodeling, angiogenesis and bone formation. In the present(More)
During testing, it is nearly impossible to run all statments or branches of a program. It is especially difficult to test the code used to respond to exceptional conditions. This untested code, often the error recovery code, will tend to be an error prone part of a system. We show that test coverage can be increased through an " assertion violation "(More)
In the present study, we have utilized X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), spectroscopic ellipsometry (ELM), and optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy (OWLS) to examine the surface adsorption and protein resistance behavior of bio-inspired polymers consisting of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) conjugated to peptide mimics of mussel adhesive proteins.(More)
MicroRNA-132 (miR-132), an angiogenic growth factor inducible microRNA in the endothelium, facilitates pathological angiogenesis. Previous study showed that miR-132 was downregulated in human osteosarcoma. However, its functional attributes associated with tumor progression of osteosarcoma have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to(More)
PURPOSE Microribonucleic acid (miRNA)-145 (miR-145) has been identified as a tumor suppressor in several types of human cancers. Especially, miR-145 expression has been found to be significantly decreased in osteosarcoma tissues, and enforced expression of this miRNA could inhibit invasion and angiopoiesis of osteosarcoma cells. However, its clinical(More)
This paper presents a comparative study on the antifouling properties of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based polymer coatings prepared by surface-initiated polymerization (SIP). Three types of poly(oligo(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate) (POEGMEMA) polymer thin films of approximate 100 nm thickness were grafted from a catechol initiator that was(More)
The potential of grazing lands to sequester carbon must be understood to develop effective soil conservation measures and sustain livestock production. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of grazing on soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), microbial biomass carbon (MBC) in Typical steppe and Desert steppe ecosystems, which are both important(More)
To investigate the association of combined microRNA-340 (miR-340) and ROCK1 mRNA profiling with clinicopathologic features and prognosis in pediatric patients with osteosarcoma. Quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed to detect expression levels of miR-340 and ROCK1 mRNA in cancerous and noncancerous(More)
In this paper, we demonstrate the first use of a catecholic initiator for surface-initiated polymerization (SIP) from metal surfaces to create antifouling polymer coatings. A new bifunctional initiator inspired by mussel adhesive proteins was synthesized, which strongly adsorbs to Ti and 316L stainless steel (SS) substrates, providing an anchor for surface(More)