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Influenza A(H7N9) virus emerged in eastern China in February 2013 and continues to circulate in this region, but its ecology is poorly understood. In April 2013, the Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) implemented environmental and human syndromic surveillance for the virus. Environmental samples from poultry markets in 21(More)
In this Letter we assess the effect of graphene nanopore geometries on DNA sequencing by considering DNA fragments including A, T, C, G, and 5-methylcytosine (MC) pulled out of graphene nanopores of different geometries with diameters down to ∼1 nm. Using steered molecular dynamics simulations it is demonstrated that the bases (A, T, C, G, and MC) can be(More)
UNLABELLED On 30 March 2013, a novel avian influenza A H7N9 virus causing severe human respiratory infections was identified in China. Preliminary sequence analyses have shown that the virus is a reassortant of H7N9 and H9N2 avian influenza viruses. In this study, we conducted enhanced surveillance for H7N9 virus in Guangdong, China, from April to August(More)
An influenza H3N2 epidemic occurred throughout Southern China in 2012. We analyzed the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes of influenza H3N2 strains isolated between 2011–2012 from Guangdong. Mutation sites, evolutionary selection, antigenic sites, and N-glycosylation within these strains were analyzed. The 2011–2012 Guangdong strains contained(More)
a total of 401 human infections with novel avian influenza A (H7N9) virus were reported in China (1). In the initial wave from February through May 2013, cases were laboratory confirmed for 133 patients (45 died), mainly in eastern China. From June through early October 2013, only 2 laboratory-confirmed cases were reported in China. One of these, identified(More)
Since its first identification, the epizootic avian influenza A H7N9 virus has continued to cause infections in China. Two waves were observed during this outbreak. No cases were reported from Guangdong Province during the first wave, but this province became one of the prime outbreak sites during the second wave. In order to identify the transmission(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) pumps a broad range of structurally diverse anti-cancer drugs out of cancer cells. Therefore, multi-drug resistance (MDR) in chemotherapy closely correlates with P-gp. However, how this single transport system recognizes different substrates remains unclear. In this study, we attempt to uncover the mechanism of substrate promiscuity of(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of the novel avian influenza A virus (H7N9) in three high risk groups. The groups were divided into those exposed through infected individuals, those exposed through poultry and those individuals exposed through the external environment, in the early stage of the epidemic in Guangdong Province, which is(More)
First identified in May 2014 in China's Sichuan Province, initial cases of H5N6 avian influenza virus (AIV) infection in humans raised great concerns about the virus's prevalence, origin, and development. To evaluate both AIV contamination in live poultry markets (LPMs) and the risk of AIV infection in humans, we have conducted surveillance of LPMs in(More)
Because biological ionic channels play a key role in cellular transport phenomena, they have attracted extensive research interest for the design of biomimetic nanopores with high permeability and selectivity in a variety of technical applications. Inspired by the structure of K(+) channel proteins, we designed a series of oxygen doped graphene nanopores of(More)