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Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L. Gaud), commonly known as China grass, is a perennial bast fiber plant of the Urticaceae. In China, ramie farming, industry, and trade provide income for about five million people. Drought stress severely affects ramie stem growth and causes a dramatic decrease in ramie fiber production. There is a need to enhance ramie's tolerance(More)
There are few detailed descriptions of parturition behavior in wild primates. Here we report for the first time birth-related behaviors in a highly endangered colobine monkey endemic to southwest China, the white-headed langur (Trachypithecus leucocephalus). We video recorded three complete birth events in three parturient females living in one reproductive(More)
In vitro organogenesis, one of the most common pathways leading to in vitro plant regeneration, is widely used in biotechnology and the fundamental study of plant biology. Although previous studies have constructed a complex regulatory network model for Arabidopsis in vitro organogenesis, no related study has been reported in ramie. To generate more(More)
In this study, leaf midribs, the elite explants, were used for the first time to develop an efficient regeneration and transformation protocol for ramie [Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud.] via Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. Sensitivity of leaf midribs regeneration to kanamycin was evaluated, which showed that 40 mg l−1 was the optimal concentration(More)
This study investigated whether and how polyamines (PAs) in rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants are involved in drought resistance. Six rice cultivars differing in drought resistance were used and subjected to well-watered and water-stressed treatments during their reproductive period. The activities of arginine decarboxylase, S-adenosyl-L-methionine(More)
The major medicinal alkaloids isolated from Uncaria rhynchophylla (gouteng in chinese) capsules are rhynchophylline (RIN) and isorhynchophylline (IRN). Extracts containing these terpene indole alkaloids (TIAs) can inhibit the formation and destabilize preformed fibrils of amyloid β protein (a pathological marker of Alzheimer’s disease), and have been shown(More)
Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L.), popularly known as “China grass”, is one of the oldest crops in China and the second most important fiber crop in terms of area sown. Ramie fiber, extracted from the plant bast, is important in the textile industry. However, the molecular mechanism of ramie fiber development remains unknown. A whole sequencing run was performed(More)
Transgenic technology is probably the best way to improve crops when traditional breeding is not feasible. Ramie is one such plant because the heterozygote complicates breeding efforts. This study is the first to report the successful production of transgenic ramie plants which is tolerant to drought and salt stress. In this study, the stress responsive(More)
Online gradient algorithm has been widely used as a learning algorithm for feedforward neural networks training. Penalty is a common and popular method for improving the generalization performance of networks. In this paper, a convergence theorem is proved for the online gradient learning algorithm with penalty, a term proportional to the magnitude of the(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that abscisic acid (ABA) and ethylene may mediate the effect of post-anthesis soil drying on grain filling of rice (Oryza sativa L.) through regulating its anti-oxidative systems. Two rice cultivars were pot-grown and exposed, from 9 days post anthesis until maturity, to three soil drying treatments: well-watered (WW),(More)