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BACKGROUND We hypothesized that combination of dendritic cell (DC) with autologous cytokine-induced killer (CIK) immunotherapy in setting of high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) would be effective for selected metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Our previous work showed thiotepa could eradicate breast cancer stem cells. From 2004 to(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that the relationship between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and the vascular niche may be bidirectional; the niche can support the growth and renewal of CSCs, and CSCs may contribute to the maintenance of the niche. There is little knowledge concerning the role of breast cancer stem cells in promoting tumor angiogenesis. AIM(More)
No standard chemotherapy has been defined for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients pretreated with anthracyclines and taxanes. A multicenter phase 2 study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral etoposide in patients with MBC.Eligible patients were treated with repeated cycles of oral etoposide (60 mg/m/d on days 1-10, followed by 11(More)
PURPOSE To ascertain the biologic significance of lung cancer Side population (SP) cells, which represent putative cancer stem cells (CSC) in the absence of consensus biomarkers for tumor-specific CSC. MATERIALS AND METHODS We sorted and analyzed the angiogenic features of SP cells, isolated from tumor cell lines based on the exclusion of the DNA dye(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) remains a great clinical challenge as drug resistance frequently develops. Alternative agents that can overcome drug resistance would offer new therapeutic options. The primary aim of this phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of utidelone as a monotherapy or in combination with(More)
The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate whether maintenance therapy with capecitabine or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) results in improved progression-free survival (PFS) in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients who had previously achieved disease control with first-line docetaxel plus capecitabine (TX) chemotherapy. Seventy-nine(More)
Sarcomatoid carcinoma is an extremely rare biphasic tumor characterized by a combination of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal cells. Limited data on sarcomatoid carcinoma showed that most cases occurred with advanced local disease and metastasis, and paraneoplastic syndromes were rare. We present the case of a 63-year-old man with lung sarcomatoid(More)
Leaf photosynthesis of crops acclimates to elevated CO2 and temperature, but studies quantifying responses of leaf photosynthetic parameters to combined CO2 and temperature increases under field conditions are scarce. We measured leaf photosynthesis of rice cultivars Changyou 5 and Nanjing 9108 grown in two free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) systems,(More)
Synchronous breast cancer and breast lymphoma are rare. It is of high rate of misdiagnosis in clinical practice. Here we present two cases with this presentation. They are both middle-aged women, with stage I invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. One patient happened to have primary breast lymphoma (PBL); the other was secondary breast lymphoma (SBL).(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence shows that bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) have antitumor activities both in vitro and in animal models. Further studies fleshed out the supportive data that the antitumor activity of BMSCs could be markedly enhanced by cytokines such as IL-2 and IFN-β (interferon). However, powerful strategies to activate BMSCs other than(More)