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Room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) are a class of the salts in the liquid state. ILs typically consist of a bulky organic cation in combination with various anions and are designed to replace traditional volatile organic solvents in industry. However, it is not neglected that the possible release of ionic liquids into aquatic environments may lead to(More)
The chemical speciation of nine heavy metals in intertidal sediments from Quanzhou Bay was determined using a modified sequential extraction procedure, proposed by the Commission of the European Community Bureau of Reference. The results show that Mn presents the highest percentage in the acid-soluble fraction, and Pb and Cu present the highest percentages(More)
The concentration and speciation of heavy metals (Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb) in surface sediments (phi < or = 63 microm) of Jinjiang River tidal reach are determined to evaluate the metal behavior. A modified BCR three-step sequential extraction procedure is carried out, and the residual fraction is undertaken by microwave-assisted acid digestion. The index of(More)
The concept of hormesis has generated considerable interest within the environmental and toxicological communities over the past decades. However, toxicological evaluation and prediction of hormesis in mixtures are challenging and only just unfolding. The hormetic effects of ten ionic liquids (ILs), singly and in mixtures in the ratios of their individual(More)
Partial resistance is generally considered to be a durable form of resistance. In barley, Rphq2, Rphq3 and Rphq4 have been identified as consistent quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for partial resistance to the barley leaf rust pathogen Puccinia hordei. These QTLs have been incorporated separately into the susceptible L94 and the partially resistant Vada(More)
Rare earth mineral composite materials were prepared using tourmaline and cerous nitrate as raw materials. Through characterization by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, dynamic contact angle meter and tensiometer, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, it was found that the composite materials had a(More)
OBJECTIVES The effect of vascular active peptides on the development of pulmonary remodeling and pulmonary hypertension due to left to right shunt congenital heart diseases is the focus of today's studies. The present study was conducted to investigate the roles of adrenomedullin (ADM) and adrenotensin (ADT) in pulmonary remodeling due to left to right(More)
A method is proposed to predict vehicle emissions over a driving cycle on the basis of the vehicle's emissions measured over other driving cycles and the properties of these cycles. These properties include average velocity, average inertial power, and average acceleration. This technique was demonstrated and verified using data from the Coordinating(More)