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Inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) proteins suppress apoptosis and inhibit caspases. Several IAPs also function as ubiquitin-protein ligases. Regulators of IAP auto-ubiquitination, and thus IAP levels, have yet to be identified. Here we show that Head involution defective (Hid), Reaper (Rpr) and Grim downregulate Drosophila melanogaster IAP1 (DIAP) protein(More)
Feature-weight assignment can be regarded as a generalization of feature selection. That is, if all values of featureweights are either 1 or 0, feature-weight assignment degenerates to the special case of feature selection. Generally speaking, a number in 1⁄20; 1 can be assigned to a feature for indicating the importance of the feature. This paper shows(More)
The Arabidopsis LSD1 and LOL1 proteins both contain three conserved zinc finger domains and have antagonistic effects on plant programmed cell death (PCD). In this study, a rice (Oryza sativa) functional homolog of LSD1, designated OsLSD1, was identified. The expression of OsLSD1 was light-induced or dark-suppressed. Overexpression of OsLSD1 driven by the(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling is an adaptive cellular response to the loss of ER Ca(2+) homeostasis and/or the accumulation of misfolded, unassembled, or aggregated proteins in the ER lumen. ER stress-activated signaling pathways regulate protein synthesis initiation and can also trigger apoptosis through the ER-associated caspase 12. Viruses(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a common cause of chronic hepatitis and is currently treated with alpha interferon (IFN-alpha)-based therapies. However, the underlying mechanism of IFN-alpha therapy remains to be elucidated. To identify the cellular proteins that mediate the antiviral effects of IFN-alpha, we created a HEK293-based cell culture system(More)
Nicotine is an important chemical compound in nature that has been regarded as an environmental toxicant causing various preventable diseases. Several bacterial species are adapted to decompose this heterocyclic compound, including Pseudomonas and Arthrobacter. Pseudomonas putida S16 is a bacterium that degrades nicotine through the pyrrolidine pathway,(More)
Microorganisms such as Pseudomonas putida play important roles in the mineralization of organic wastes and toxic compounds. To comprehensively and accurately elucidate key processes of nicotine degradation in Pseudomonas putida, we measured differential protein abundance levels with MS-based spectral counting in P. putida S16 grown on nicotine or glycerol,(More)
TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) plays an essential role in Toll-like receptor (TLR)- and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-mediated induction of type I interferon (IFN; IFN-α/β) and host antiviral responses. How TBK1 activity is negatively regulated remains largely unknown. We report that TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF)-interacting protein (TRIP)(More)
The metastatic potential of cells is an important parameter in the design of optimal strategies for the personalized treatment of cancer. Using atomic force microscopy (AFM), we show, consistent with previous studies conducted in other types of epithelial cancer, that ovarian cancer cells are generally softer and display lower intrinsic variability in cell(More)
Previous results revealed that haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1)/carbon monoxide (CO) system is involved in auxin-induced adventitious root formation. In this report, a cDNA for the gene ZmHO-1, encoding an HO-1 protein, was cloned from Zea mays seedlings. ZmHO-1 has a conserved HO signature sequence and shares highest homology with rice SE5 (OsHO-1) protein. We(More)