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The purpose of the study was to find out if snoring, sleep apnea and daytime sleepiness are independent indices of obesity related to type two diabetes (T2D), and whether depression is independently associated with features of sleep apnea. A population-based cohort study was conducted among 593 subjects (245 men and 348 women) born in 1935 and living in(More)
The present study assessed the relationship between coffee consumption and mortality in a home-dwelling elderly population. A population-based cohort of 817 men and women born in 1920 or earlier and living in northern Finland provided complete data on daily coffee consumption and other variables at the baseline examination in 1991-1992. Deaths were(More)
The total elderly population aged 70 years or over living in five rural districts in northern Finland, 1159 persons in all, were monitored by 'phone prospectively for 1 year, all falls being recorded separately for those living at home and in institutions. Of those living at home, 30% fell at least once during the year, 19% just once, this proportion not(More)
AIM Besides their role in bone metabolism, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) are also known to be associated with inflammation. We explored associations between the extent/severity of periodontitis and circulating levels of sRANKL and OPG and their ratio using a cross-sectional study design. SUBJECTS &(More)
AIMS To evaluate the associations between serum inflammatory biomarkers and periodontal inflammation in subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Our hypothesis was that local host responses may be modulated by the serum inflammatory mediators. MATERIAL AND METHODS Plaque, bleeding on probing and probing pocket depth (PD) were examined in 80 T1DM(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the associations between coffee consumption and glucose tolerance among elderly subjects. DESIGN A survey among an unselected non-institutionalized elderly population. Diabetes was assessed on the basis of self-reports and 2-h oral glucose tolerance test for the subjects on diet treatment or with normal glucose tolerance (NGT).(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the prevalence and associated factors of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in a 57-year-old unselected urban population in northern Finland. METHODS A health survey was conducted in 2002 that targeted persons born in 1945 and residing in the city of Oulu on 31 December, 2001. Their history of RLS, coronary heart disease (CHD), daytime(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the change in function and residential status four months after hip fracture in patients over 50 years of age and living independently at home at the time of fracture. All consecutive hip fracture patients treated at Oulu University Hospital during 1989--1999 were followed up. Data collection was done on standardized hip(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to find out if periodontal therapy has any effect on glycemic control of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). SUBJECTS AND METHODS The periodontal health status of 65 type 1 diabetic subjects was assessed at the baseline and 8 weeks after completion of periodontal therapy. Glycemic control was assessed on both visits by(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between serum concentrations of vitamin D metabolites, 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], and its active form, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)D], and the severity of chronic periodontitis. SUBJECTS AND DESIGN Presence of dental plaque, probing pocket depth (PD), and attachment level in(More)