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As one of the most important soil nutrient components, soil total nitrogen (TN) content needs to be measured in precision agriculture. A portable soil TN detector based on the 89S52 microcontroller was developed, and a Back Propagation Neural Network (BP-NN) estimation model embedded in the detector was established using near-infrared reflectance(More)
A screen of microRNAs preferentially expressed in osteoblasts identified members of the miR-34 family as regulators of osteoblast proliferation and/or differentiation. Osteoblast-specific gain- and loss-of-function experiments performed in vivo revealed that miR-34b and -c affected skeletogenesis during embryonic development, as well as bone mass accrual(More)
FILAMIN B, which encodes a cytoplasmic actin binding protein, is mutated in several skeletal dysplasias. To further investigate how an actin binding protein influences skeletogenesis, we generated mice lacking intact Filamin B. As observed in spondylocarpotarsal synostosis syndrome patients, Filamin B mutant mice display ectopic mineralization in many(More)
The Drosophila Ten-m (also called Tenascin-major, or odd Oz (odz)) gene has been associated with a pair-rule phenotype. We identified and characterized new alleles of Drosophila Ten-m to establish that this gene is not responsible for segmentation defects but rather causes defects in motor neuron axon routing. In Ten-m mutants the inter-segmental nerve(More)
Leptin (from the Greek word "lepto'' meaning "thin") is a 167-amino acid peptide hormone encoded by the obesity (ob) gene and secreted by white adipocytes. Blood leptin concentrations are increased in obese individuals. Leptin is a satiety hormone that provides negative feedback to the hypothalamus, controlling appetite and energy expenditure. Leptin binds(More)
Protein kinase A (PKA) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) are important signaling molecules. It is well known that PKA can specifically phosphorylate nNOS. But the underlying molecular mechanism is still obscure. Our data indicate that the protein inhibitor of nNOS (PIN) binds to protein kinase A inhibitors (PKIs), which suggests that PKIs, together(More)
Estimation model between soil moisture content and the near infrared reflectance was established by the linear regression method and the models between soil total nitrogen content and the near infrared reflectance were also established by the BP neural network method and Support Vector Machine (SVM) method. Forty-eight soil samples were collected from China(More)
Leptin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine associated with obesity, has been reported to participate in carcinogenesis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is also considered as a key event in tumor metastasis. The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanism of leptin in the promotion of EMT leading to metastasis in A549 lung cancer cells. We(More)
This paper presents the first complete design to apply Compressive Sensing (CS) theory to sensor placement and entire field estimation for in-situ soil moisture sensing. For such specified application, the measurements are usually spatially correlated, which can be sparsely represented under appropriate linear transformation. One scalable random placement(More)