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AIMS To establish a criterion for measuring the purity of purified and sterilized magnetosomes from Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense and to evaluate their toxicity for mouse fibroblasts in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS The purification of magnetosomes involves disrupting bacterial cells with a French Press, washing directly with PBS buffer accompanied by(More)
Murine light chain 3 (LC3) exists as two isoforms, LC3alpha and beta: LC3beta is an RNA-binding protein that enhances fibronectin (FN) mRNA translation, and is also a marker of autophagy. We report embryonic expression patterns for LC3alpha and LC3beta, with some overlap but notable differences in the brain, and in tissues of non-neuronal origin. LC3beta(More)
The molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying nephropathic cystinosis, which exhibits generalized proximal tubular dysfunction and progressive renal failure, remain largely unknown. Renal biopsies from patients with this disorder can reveal abnormally large mitochondria, but the relevance of this and other ultrastructural abnormalities is unclear. We(More)
Microarray technology is a powerful tool in the discovery of new biomarkers for disease. After solid organ transplantation, where the detection of rejection is usually made on invasive biopsies, it could be hypothesized that noninvasive transcriptional profiling of peripheral blood will reveal rejection-specific expression patterns from circulating immune(More)
Noninvasive methods to diagnose rejection of renal allografts are unavailable. Mass spectrometry followed by multiple-reaction monitoring provides a unique approach to identify disease-specific urine peptide biomarkers. Here, we performed urine peptidomic analysis of 70 unique samples from 50 renal transplant patients and 20 controls (n = 20), identifying a(More)
To test, whether 10 genes, diagnostic of renal allograft rejection in blood, are able to diagnose and predict cardiac allograft rejection, we analyzed 250 blood samples from heart transplant recipients with and without acute rejection (AR) and with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection by QPCR. A QPCR-based logistic regression model was built on 5 of these 10(More)
Microarray technologies have both fascinated and frustrated the transplant community since their introduction roughly a decade ago. Fascination arose from the possibility offered by the technology to gain a profound insight into the cellular response to immunogenic injury and the potential that this genomic signature would be indicative of the biological(More)
A family of transgenic mice (OVE 219) was generated by microinjection of a tyrosinase minigene (Ty811C). The transgenic mice demonstrate an atypical and variable coat color pattern and the homozygous males show abnormalities of spermatogenesis that are variably expressed from animal to animal. Heterozygous mice proved to have normal spermatogenesis and(More)
A disparity remains between graft survival of renal allografts from deceased donors and from living donors. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie this disparity may allow the development of targeted therapies to enhance graft survival. Here, we used microarrays to examine whole genome expression profiles using tissue from 53 human(More)
Previously, we related fibronectin (Fn1) mRNA translation to an interaction between an AU-rich element in the Fn1 3' UTR and light chain 3 (LC3) of microtubule-associated proteins 1A and 1B. Since human fibrosarcoma (HT1080) cells produce little fibronectin and LC3, we used these cells to investigate how LC3-mediated Fn1 mRNA translation might alter tumor(More)