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Three bacterial strains capable of transforming pyrazosulfuron-ethyl, designated as D61, D66, and D713, were isolated from pyrazosulfuron-ethyl contaminated soils. According to the sequence analysis of the partial 16S rRNA gene, it is found that the strains D61 and D66 belong to Pseudomonas sp., and the strain D713 belongs to Bacillus sp. The effects of(More)
As an insect pathogen, Photorhabdus luminescens possesses an arsenal of toxins. Here we cloned and expressed a probable toxin from P. luminescens subsp. akhurstii YNd185, designated as Photorhabdus insecticidal toxin (Pit). The pit gene shares 94% nucleotide and 98% predicted amino acid sequence identity with plu1537, a predicted ORF from P. luminescens(More)
BACKGROUND The function of cytochrome P450 proteins (P450s) in the metabolism of a variety of compounds by oxidation and reduction is well elucidated, but its interactions with other electron transfer components in the pyrethroid resistance of insect pests have been a mystery for a long time. In previous studies the authors cloned and characterised CYP6B7(More)
Cyhalofop-butyl is a selective herbicide widely employed in paddy field, which can transfer into aquatic environments. However, details of the environmental risk and aquatic toxicity of cyhalofop-butyl have not been fully investigated. In this study, zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos were exposed to a range of cyhalofop-butyl until 120 hour post-fertilization(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene encoding a phosphatase, and it negatively regulates cell survival mediated by the phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3-Kinase)-Akt pathway. To elucidate PTEN expression and its effect on the PI3-kinase-Akt pathway in fibroblasts and macrophages, we investigated the expression of PTEN and the phosphorylation status of Akt in NIH3T3(More)
OBJECTIVE The predicted amino acid sequence of locus plu4437-plu4436 in the genome of Photorhabdus luminescens TT01 (referred to as pirA2B2) has a consistency of 50% and 45% with locus plu4093-plu4092 (referred to as pirA1B1) , respectively. PirA1B1 has been confirmed with oral insecticidal activity against Plutella xylostella and mosquito. The purpose of(More)
NADH-cytochrome b(5) reductase (CBR) is one of the most important components of cytochrome P450s, which play an essential role in the detoxification of xenobiotics as well as insecticide resistance in insect pest. In the present study, two novel full-length cDNAs of CBR of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) were amplified by means of reverse(More)
Stereoselective dissipation of epoxiconazole had been studied in grape and soil during plant growing under field conditions in this paper. A sensitive and rapid chiral method was developed and validated for the determination of epoxiconazole stereoisomers in grape and soil based on liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry(More)
Racemic triadimefon (TF) was applied to wheat and soil at three sites (Beijing, Huaibei, and Zhengzhou in China) under open field conditions. Its enantioselective degradation and stereoselective transformation to the major metabolite, triadimenol (TN), in wheat straw, grain and soil were investigated. At all sites, the degradation of TF enantiomers in straw(More)
Osteoblasts produce various types of cytokines under pathological conditions and control osteoclast differentiation. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) has been demonstrated to exert complex effects in osteoblasts under local inflammatory conditions, including in periodontal and periapical diseases. Interleukin-34 (IL-34) has been recently identified as a(More)