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This study investigated the presence and distribution of 22 antibiotics, including eight quinolones, nine sulfonamides and five macrolides, in the water, sediments, and biota samples from Baiyangdian Lake, China. A total of 132 samples were collected in 2008 and 2010, and laboratory analyses revealed that antibiotics were widely distributed in the lake.(More)
The occurrence, distribution and bioaccumulation of 22 antibiotics, including eight fluoroquinolones (FQs), nine sulfonamides (SAs) and five macrolides (MLs), in the Haihe River were investigated. Surface water, sediment and fish samples were analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS. Ofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole, sulfadiazine, erythromycin and roxithromycin were found in all(More)
Fluoroquinolones, sulfonamides and macrolides were analyzed in soil samples collected from suburban areas in Tianjin, China. Fluoroquinolones were the predominant class of antibiotics. The mean total concentration of fluoroquinolones (33.56 μg/kg) was 30-fold higher than one of macrolides, which were the second dominant class antibiotics. Sulfonamides(More)
The recycling of reclaimed wastewater for irrigation and road cleaning is an important strategy to minimize water scarcity in megacities. However, little is known regarding the potential accumulation of antibiotics contained in reclaimed wastewater in urban soil. We investigated the occurrence and distribution of eight quinolones (QNs), nine sulfonamides(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Infusion of intravenous antibiotics after hemodialysis (HD) may delay initiation of treatment for the next HD shift. Intradialytic administration of drugs such as vancomycin during the final hour of HD obviates these delays. Daptomycin has potent activity against Gram-positive bacteria, but the manufacturer recommends that the dose(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate daptomycin pharmacokinetics in critically ill patients receiving continuous venovenous hemodialysis to develop dosing recommendations. DESIGN Prospective, open-label pharmacokinetic study. SETTING : Intensive care units located within a teaching medical center. PATIENTS Eight adults with known/suspected Gram-positive(More)
Daptomycin is approved for the treatment of complicated skin and soft tissue infections, including diabetic wounds of the lower extremities, at a dose of 4 mg/kg of body weight once daily. For such localized tissue infections, drug concentrations in the interstitial space are an important determinant of successful therapy. In the diabetic population,(More)
Rhizosphere microorganisms in soils are important for plant growth. However, the importance of rhizosphere microorganisms is still underestimated since many microorganisms associated with plant roots cannot be cultured and since the microbial diversity in the rhizosphere can be influenced by several factors, such as the cropping history, biogeography, and(More)
In the present paper we determine the optical constants and thicknesses of multilayer thin film stacks, in the visible and near infrared ranges. These parameters are derived from the transmittance and reflectance spectra measured by a spectrophotometer, for several angles of incidence. Several examples are studied, from a simple single layer structure up to(More)
Salt-induced soil degradation is common in farmlands and limits the growth and development of numerous crop plants in the world. In this study, we isolated salt-tolerant bacteria from the rhizosphere of Tamarix chinensis, Suaeda salsa and Zoysia sinica, which are common wild plants grown on a saline-alkaline land, to test these bacteria's efficiency in(More)