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The slow-releasing hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) donor, GYY4137, caused concentration-dependent killing of seven different human cancer cell lines (HeLa, HCT-116, Hep G2, HL-60, MCF-7, MV4-11 and U2OS) but did not affect survival of normal human lung fibroblasts (IMR90, WI-38) as determined by trypan blue exclusion. Sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) was less potent and(More)
The human mixed-lineage leukemia 5 (MLL5) protein mediates hematopoietic cell homeostasis, cell cycle, and survival; however, the molecular basis underlying MLL5 activities remains unknown. Here, we show that MLL5 is recruited to gene-rich euchromatic regions via the interaction of its plant homeodomain finger with the histone mark H3K4me3. The 1.48-Å(More)
Both nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) are two important gaseous mediators regulating heart function. The present study examined the interaction between these two biological gases and its role in the heart. We found that l-arginine, a substrate of NO synthase, decreased the amplitudes of myocyte contraction and electrically induced calcium(More)
In recent years, increased interest has been directed towards hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as the third gasotransmitter and its role in various diseases. Cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CSE) is one of the enzymes responsible for the endogenous production of H2S in mammals. With the aid of the crystal structures of human CSE and site-directed mutagenesis studies, we(More)
Chromosome biorientation and congression during mitosis require precise control of microtubule dynamics [1-4]. The dynamics of kinetochore microtubules (K-MTs) are regulated by a variety of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) [4-9]. Recently, a MAP known as HURP (hepatoma upregulated protein) was identified [10-12]. During mitosis, Ran-guanosine(More)
MLL5 is a mammalian trithorax group (trx-G) gene identified within chromosome band 7q22, a frequently deleted element found in cytogenetic aberrations of acute myeloid malignancies. MLL5 cDNA was linked with the FLAG and V5 tags at the N and C terminus, respectively, and transfected into 293T cells. Immunofluoresence staining of the expressed tagged MLL5(More)
Impairment of the formation or action of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), an endogenous gasotransmitter, is associated with various diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, septic and hemorrhagic shock, and pancreatitis. Cystathionine beta-synthase and cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) are two pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes largely(More)
Mixed lineage leukemia 5 (MLL5) encodes a mammalian trithorax group (TrxG) protein located within chromosome band 7q22, which is a frequently deleted region found in acute myeloid malignancies. Trithorax and polycomb (PcG) group proteins are evolutionarily conserved transcriptional regulators that maintain the expression of Homeobox (HOX) genes at the(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary cause of human cervical cancer. The viral proteins E6 and E7 are essential to transform noncancerous epithelial cells into cancerous carcinomas by targeting key tumor suppressors p53 and retinoblastoma (Rb) proteins, respectively, but the cellular factors involved in E6 and E7 transcription themselves are(More)
The human mixed lineage leukemia-5 (MLL5) gene is frequently deleted in myeloid malignancies. Emerging evidence suggests that MLL5 has important functions in adult hematopoiesis and the chromatin regulatory network, and it participates in regulating the cell cycle machinery. Here, we demonstrate that MLL5 is tightly regulated through phosphorylation on its(More)