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Pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells are a potential source of all types of cells for regenerative medicine. ES cells maintain pluripotency through a complex interplay of different signaling pathways and transcription factors, including leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), Nanog, Sox2, and Oct3/4. Nanog, however, plays a key role in maintaining the(More)
A transformation system for the basidiomycete Pleurotus ostreatus was established using agrobacterium-mediated infection. Following P. ostreatus glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene analysis, its promoter region including two introns was used as cis-regulatory element to drive expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP). As a selection(More)
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) derived from the inner cell mass of blastocysts maintain their pluripotency through a complex interplay of different signaling pathways and transcription factors including Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (LIF), homeo-domain protein Nanog and POU-domain-containing transcription factor Oct3/4. LIF can maintain the self-renewal of mouse(More)
This paper presents the automatic microassembly of miniaturized gear system by hybrid vision-force control with the vision system and the 3-DOF force sensor feedback data. The assembly process consists of three phases, including visual positioning, searching meshing state, and inserting. Visual feedback is used to achieve the coarse positioning and guide(More)
Molecular techniques are transforming our understanding of cellular function and disease. However, accurate molecular analysis methods will be limited if the input DNA, RNA, or protein is not derived from pure population of cells or is contaminated by the wrong cells. A novel Ultrasonic Vibration Micro-dissection (UVM) method was proposed to procure pure(More)
To gain insights into dimorphism, cell wall polysaccharides from Tremella fuciformis strains were obtained from alkali-extracted water-soluble fractions PTF-M38 (from the mycelial form), PTF-Y3 and PTF-Y8 (from the yeast form) of T. fuciformis strains were used to gain some insights into dimorphism study. Their chemical properties and structural features(More)
An aspartic protease gene from Pleurotus ostreatus (Po-Asp) had been cloned based on the 3' portion of cDNA in our previous work. The Po-Asp cDNA contained 1,324 nucleotides with an open reading frame (ORF) of 1,212 bp encoding 403 amino acid residues. The putative amino acid sequence included a signal peptide, an activation peptide, two most possible(More)
Retinol, the alcohol form of vitamin A, maintains pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) by the overexpression of Nanog, which is a key transcription factor for their self-renewal. ESCs represent the most promising source of all types of cells for regenerative medicine and drug discovery. These cells maintain pluripotency through a complex(More)