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OBJECTIVE To examine the association between time spent on different sedentary behaviors and consumption of certain food and beverage groups in a sample of European adolescents. DESIGN Data from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-sectional Study. SETTING Eight survey centers (Athens, Dortmund, Ghent, Lille, Rome,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the associations between active commuting to school and cognitive performance in adolescents. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Five cities (Granada, Madrid, Murcia, Santander, and Zaragoza) in Spain. PARTICIPANTS A total of 1700 adolescents (892 girls) aged 13 to 18.5 years. MAIN EXPOSURES Mode and duration of(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that light to moderate amounts of polyphenol-rich alcoholic beverages like wine or beer could have health benefits. Scientists have long debated the effects of alcohol on immune function, showing on the one hand, that high doses of alcohol consumption can directly suppress a wide range of immune responses, and that alcohol abuse(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to examine whether time spent on different sedentary behaviours is associated with bone mineral content (BMC) in adolescents, after controlling for relevant confounders such as lean mass and objectively measured physical activity (PA), and if so, whether extra-curricular participation in osteogenic sports could have a role in this(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Several studies have suggested that polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and minerals have beneficial effects on lipid profile and systemic inflammation in adults. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the effects of a daily intake of milk enriched with longchain polyunsaturated fatty acids, oleic acid, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Epidemiological studies have suggested that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with lower morbidity. However, intervention studies are needed to elucidate mechanisms involved. This study was aimed to determine the effects of moderate beer consumption on the immune function of healthy adults, taking into account gender differences. (More)
INTRODUCTION Analysis of several biological markers improves the quality and physiologic comprehension of data obtained in epidemiological nutritional studies. AIM To develop a methodology that guarantees the centralized analysis and quality assurance of the most relevant blood parameters from fresh blood samples in adolescents in a European multicenter(More)
There is a lack of studies that analyze the association between micronutrient-related biomarker status and physical fitness in adolescents. In the present study, biochemical parameters for iron and vitamin status were studied, along with objective measures of physical fitness in healthy male and female European adolescents. One thousand eighty-nine(More)
Consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD), which is associated with chronic 'low-grade' systemic inflammation, alters the gut microbiota (GM). The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of an oleic acid-derived compound (S1) and a combination of n-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA, S2) to modulate both body weight and the GM in HFD-induced obese mice.(More)
The aim of this review is to present and discuss the effect of different levels of alcohol consumption on the immune system. Not only the amount consumed but also the type of alcoholic beverage have to be taken into account in order to determine the consequences on activity, number, distribution, balance, interaction and response of immunocompetent cells.(More)